- Genetics. deoxyribonucleic acid: an extremely long macromolecule that is the main component of chromosomes and is the material that transfers genetic characteristics in all life forms, constructed of two nucleotide strands coiled around each other in a ladderlike arrangement with the sidepieces composed of alternating phosphate and deoxyribose units and the rungs composed of the purine and pyrimidine bases adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine: the genetic information of DNA is encoded in the sequence of the bases and is transcribed as the strands unwind and replicate.Compare base pair, gene, genetic code, RNA.
- the set of nongenetic traits, qualities, or features that characterize a person or thing: Humility is just not in her DNA.
Origin of DNA
Examples from the Web for dna
DNA tests were used to confirm Albert's status as father in both cases, following protracted legal battles.Princess Charlene Gives Birth To Twins Gabriella and Jacques
December 10, 2014
The at-home genetics testing company 23andme, established in 2006, helps people learn more about their “DNA relatives.”Nothing Says I Love You Like Data
The Daily Beast
December 8, 2014
The story (and some DNA evidence) goes, the locals are the descendants of a band of Roman soldiers from 36 B.C.The Chinese Town Descended From Romans?
December 4, 2014
Still other media sources are reporting that the DNA test is awaiting results.The ISIS Wife Swap Mystery
December 3, 2014
The loss of authenticity is equal to loss of the whole site as a cultural resource—its entire DNA is altered.For Rent: Priceless Historic Sites
November 16, 2014
Ruoy xis snisuoc emac ereh yadretsey, dna dah hcae a eceip fo ekac.
Siht si elttil Yssac's yadhtrib, dna ehs si eerht sraey dlo.
The Dna takes a westerly course towards the Gulf of Riga where it empties near the city of that name.
Another bishop sailed up the Dna with a fleet of twenty-three ships, and in 1200 founded Riga.
The cup and foot are of agate, probably specimens of the classic period; the mounting, which dates from the time of Dna.The Industrial Arts in Spain
Juan F. Riao
- deoxyribonucleic acid; a nucleic acid that is the main constituent of the chromosomes of all organisms (except some viruses). The DNA molecule consists of two polynucleotide chains in the form of a double helix, containing phosphate and the sugar deoxyribose and linked by hydrogen bonds between the complementary bases adenine and thymine or cytosine and guanine. DNA is self-replicating, plays a central role in protein synthesis, and is responsible for the transmission of hereditary characteristics from parents to offspringSee also genetic code
- did not attend
Word Origin and History for dna
1944, abbreviation of deoxyribonucleic acid (1931).
- Deoxyribonucleic acid; a nucleic acid that consists of two long chains of nucleotides twisted together into a double helix and joined by hydrogen bonds between complementary bases adenine and thymine or cytosine and guanine; it carries the cell's genetic information and hereditary characteristics via its nucleotides and their sequence and is capable of self-replication and RNA synthesis.
- Short for deoxyribonucleic acid. The nucleic acid that is the genetic material determining the makeup of all living cells and many viruses. It consists of two long strands of nucleotides linked together in a structure resembling a ladder twisted into a spiral. In eukaryotic cells, the DNA is contained in the nucleus (where it is bound to proteins known as histones) and in mitochondria and chloroplasts. In the presence of the enzyme DNA polymerase and appropriate nucleotides, DNA can replicate itself. DNA also serves as a template for the synthesis of RNA in the presence of RNA polymerase. Compare RNA. See Note at histone.
The molecule that carries genetic information in all living systems (see genetic code). The DNA molecule is formed in the shape of a double helix from a great number of smaller molecules (see nucleotides). The workings of the DNA molecule provide the most fundamental explanation of the laws of genetics.
DNA acts in three important way. First, when a cell divides, the DNA uncoils, and each strand creates a new partner from the surrounding material — a process called replication. The two cells that result from the cell division have the same DNA as the original (see mitosis). Second, in sexual reproduction, each parent contributes one of the two strands in the DNA of the offspring. Third, inside the cell, the DNA governs the production of proteins and other molecules essential to cell function.