A scandal in France at the end of the nineteenth century involving a Jewish army officer, Alfred Dreyfus. Dreyfus was falsely convicted of betraying French military secrets and was sentenced to life imprisonment. French society was deeply divided over Dreyfus, with liberals, including Émile Zola and Georges Clemenceau, arguing that he was innocent, and conservatives defending the French military authorities. Dislike of Jews also affected the opinions of many in France about the incident. Zola's article “J'accuse” (“I accuse”) strongly influenced the public in Dreyfus's favor. Dreyfus was eventually cleared of all charges, reinstated in the army with a promotion, and publicly honored.
It is a worldview that takes its name from the French nationalist writer, contemporary of the dreyfus affair, Maurice Barrès.
The Strauss-Kahn affair is obviously unrelated to the dreyfus affair.
Now dying of cancer, the dreyfus affair jolts him self-rediscovery.
In this sense Herzl could say later that the dreyfus affair had made him a Zionist.
While he was at Nice France was in the throes of the dreyfus affair.
I ventured to say, "Do tell me the real facts about the dreyfus affair."
Betwixt night and morning, the dreyfus affair rent France in twain.
The famous L'Aurore came into existence, and it set sail at once in the stormy waters of the dreyfus affair.
The attention of France is entirely focussed on the dreyfus affair and the Picquart trial.
My dear Sister,—You ask me to tell you about the "dreyfus affair."