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embarrass

[em-bar-uh s]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to cause confusion and shame to; make uncomfortably self-conscious; disconcert; abash: His bad table manners embarrassed her.
  2. to make difficult or intricate, as a question or problem; complicate.
  3. to put obstacles or difficulties in the way of; impede: The motion was advanced in order to embarrass the progress of the bill.
  4. to beset with financial difficulties; burden with debt: The decline in sales embarrassed the company.
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verb (used without object)
  1. to become disconcerted, abashed, or confused.
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Origin of embarrass

1665–75; < French embarrasser < Spanish embarazar < Portuguese embaraçar, equivalent to em- em-1 + -baraçar, verbal derivative of baraço, baraça cord, strap, noose (of obscure origin)
Related formsem·bar·rassed·ly [em-bar-uh st-lee, -uh-sid-lee] /ɛmˈbær əst li, -ə sɪd li/, adverbem·bar·rass·ing·ly, adverbpre·em·bar·rass, verb (used with object)un·em·bar·rassed, adjective

Synonyms

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1. discompose, discomfit, chagrin. 3. hamper, hinder.

Synonym study

1. See confuse.

Embarras

or Em·barrass

[am-braw]
noun
  1. a river in E Illinois, flowing S and SE to the Wabash River. 185 miles (298 km) long.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for embarrasses

Historical Examples

  • "Girls, if you only knew how terribly this embarrasses me," pleaded Grace.

    Grace Harlowe's Return to Overton Campus

    Jessie Graham Flower

  • But, don't talk any more just now in that way, because it embarrasses me.

  • It embarrasses her in school, in spite of her teaching only girls in a private institution.

    Psychotherapy

    Hugo Mnsterberg

  • Our adversaries have adopted a system of tactics, which embarrasses us not a little.

  • He embarrasses us, as sleeker individuals of the herd and hive.

    Child and Country

    Will Levington Comfort


British Dictionary definitions for embarrasses

embarrass

verb (mainly tr)
  1. (also intr) to feel or cause to feel confusion or self-consciousness; disconcert; fluster
  2. (usually passive) to involve in financial difficulties
  3. archaic to make difficult; complicate
  4. archaic to impede; obstruct; hamper
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Derived Formsembarrassed, adjectiveembarrassedly, adverb

Word Origin

C17: (in the sense: to impede): via French and Spanish from Italian imbarrazzare, from imbarrare to confine within bars; see en- 1, bar 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for embarrasses

embarras

n.

1660s, from French embarras "obstacle;" see embarrass.

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embarrass

v.

1670s, "perplex, throw into doubt," from French embarrasser (16c.), literally "to block," from embarras "obstacle," from Italian imbarrazzo, from imbarrare "to bar," from in- "into, upon" (see in- (2)) + Vulgar Latin *barra "bar."

Meaning "hamper, hinder" is from 1680s. Meaning "make (someone) feel awkward" first recorded 1828. Original sense preserved in embarras de richesse (1751), from French (1726): the condition of having more wealth than one knows what to do with. Related: Embarrassed; embarrassing; embarrassingly.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper