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emery

[em-uh-ree, em-ree] /ˈɛm ə ri, ˈɛm ri/
noun
1.
a granular mineral substance consisting typically of corundum mixed with magnetite or hematite, used powdered, crushed, or consolidated for grinding and polishing.
Origin of emery
1475-1485
1475-85; < Middle French emeri, Old French esmeril < Vulgar Latin *smēriculum, equivalent to Medieval Greek smêri (for Greek smýris rubbing powder; akin to smear) + Latin -culum -cule2
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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British Dictionary definitions for emeries

emery

/ˈɛmərɪ/
noun
1.
  1. a hard greyish-black mineral consisting of corundum with either magnetite or haematite: used as an abrasive and polishing agent, esp as a coating on paper, cloth, etc. Formula: Al2O3
  2. (as modifier): emery paper
Word Origin
C15: from Old French esmeril, ultimately from Greek smuris powder for rubbing
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for emeries

emery

n.

"granular mixture used as an abrasive," late 15c., from Middle French émeri, from Old French esmeril, from Italian smeriglo, from Vulgar Latin *smyrilium, from Greek smyris "abrasive powder" used for rubbing and polishing, probably a non-Greek word, perhaps from a Semitic source.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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9
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