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empathy

[em-puh-thee]
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noun
  1. the psychological identification with or vicarious experiencing of the feelings, thoughts, or attitudes of another.
  2. the imaginative ascribing to an object, as a natural object or work of art, feelings or attitudes present in oneself: By means of empathy, a great painting becomes a mirror of the self.
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Origin of empathy

1900–05; < Greek empátheia affection, equivalent to em- em-2 + path- (base of páschein to suffer) + -eia -ia; present meaning translates German Einfühlung
Can be confusedempathy sympathy (see synonym study at sympathy)

Synonyms

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1. See sympathy.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for empathies

empathy

noun
  1. the power of understanding and imaginatively entering into another person's feelingsSee also identification (def. 3b)
  2. the attribution to an object, such as a work of art, of one's own emotional or intellectual feelings about it
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Derived Formsempathist, noun

Word Origin

C20: from Greek empatheia affection, passion, intended as a rendering of German Einfühlung, literally: a feeling in; see en- ², -pathy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for empathies

empathy

n.

1903, from German Einfühlung (from ein "in" + Fühlung "feeling"), coined 1858 by German philosopher Rudolf Lotze (1817-1881) as a translation of Greek empatheia "passion, state of emotion," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + pathos "feeling" (see pathos). A term from a theory of art appreciation that maintains appreciation depends on the viewer's ability to project his personality into the viewed object.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

empathies in Medicine

empathy

(ĕmpə-thē)
n.
  1. Direct identification with, understanding of, and vicarious experience of another person's situation, feelings, and motives.
  2. The projection of one's own feelings or emotional state onto an object or animal.
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Related formsem′pa•thetic (-thĕtĭk) null adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

empathies in Culture

empathy

[(em-puh-thee)]

Identifying oneself completely with an object or person, sometimes even to the point of responding physically, as when, watching a baseball player swing at a pitch, one feels one's own muscles flex.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.