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entrain2

[en-treyn]
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verb (used with object)
  1. Chemistry. (of a substance, as a vapor) to carry along (a dissimilar substance, as drops of liquid) during a given process, as evaporation or distillation.
  2. (of a liquid) to trap (bubbles).
  3. Meteorology. to transfer (air) into an organized air current from the surrounding atmosphere (opposed to detrain).

Origin of entrain2

1560–70; < Middle French entrainer, equivalent to en- en-1 + trainer to drag, trail; see train
Related formsen·train·ment, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for entrainment

Historical Examples

  • The train then ran into the station, and the entrainment of the wounded commenced.

    A Lively Bit of the Front

    Percy F. Westerman

  • The entrainment was to be considered as a practice entrainment.

    A Company of Tanks

    W. H. L. Watson

  • "All ready for entrainment, sir," said the sergeant heartily.

    Three Soldiers

    John Dos Passos

  • These phrases, "entrainment," "order of march," had a businesslike sound.

    Three Soldiers

    John Dos Passos

  • There is one little nurse from the entrainment wards—it is a good story, which I will tell in good time—competent to care for him.

    Red Fleece

    Will Levington Comfort


British Dictionary definitions for entrainment

entrain1

verb
  1. to board or put aboard a train
Derived Formsentrainment, noun

entrain2

verb (tr)
  1. (of a liquid or gas) to carry along (drops of liquid, bubbles, etc), as in certain distillations
  2. to disperse (air bubbles) through concrete in order to increase its resistance to frost
  3. zoology to adjust (an internal rhythm of an organism) so that it synchronizes with an external cycle, such as that of light and dark
Derived Formsentrainment, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for entrainment

entrain

v.

"to draw along," 1560s, from French entrainer (12c.), from en- "away" (see en- (1)) + trainer "to drag" (see train (n.)). Related: Entrained; entrainment. A word in chemistry; the word meaning "to get on a locomotive train" is a native formation from the 1860s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper