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environ

[en-vahy-ruh n, -vahy-ern] /ɛnˈvaɪ rən, -ˈvaɪ ərn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to form a circle or ring round; surround; envelop:
a house environed by pleasant grounds; to be environed by bad influences.
Origin of environ
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English envirounen < Old French environner, derivative of environ around (en en-1 + viron a circle; vir(er) to turn, veer1 + -on noun suffix)
Related forms
unenvironed, adjective

environs

[en-vahy-ruh nz, -vahy-ernz, en-ver-uh nz, -vahy-ernz] /ɛnˈvaɪ rənz, -ˈvaɪ ərnz, ˈɛn vər ənz, -vaɪ ərnz/
plural noun
1.
the surrounding parts or districts, as of a city; outskirts; suburbs.
2.
surrounding objects; surroundings; environment.
3.
an area or space close by; vicinity.
Origin
1655-65; < French (plural); replacing Middle English environ < Old French, noun use of environ around; see environ
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for environ

environ

/ɪnˈvaɪrən/
verb
1.
(transitive) to encircle or surround
Word Origin
C14: from Old French environner to surround, from environ around, from en-1 + viron a circle, from virer to turn, veer1

environs

/ɪnˈvaɪrənz/
plural noun
1.
a surrounding area or region, esp the suburbs or outskirts of a town or city; vicinity
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for environ
v.

late 14c. (implied in environing), "to surround," from Old French environer "to surround, enclose, encircle," from environ "round about," from en- "in" (see en- (1)) + viron "circle, circuit," from virer "to turn" (see veer). Related: Environed.

environs

n.

"outskirts," 1660s, from French environs, plural of Old French environ "compass, circuit," from environ (adv.) "around, round about" (see environ).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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