He was also the first to make use of the arrangement of verses called the epode.
This ode consists of strophe, epode, antistrophe, and second epode.
These poems evidently made a success, and Horace returned to the theme in his 17th epode.
The shorter line is called an epode, or appendix, to the longer, and it is from this that the collection of poems gets its name.
The epode, or peroration, fills up the sacred number 7—the symbol always of permanence and repose.
The epode soon took a firm place in choral poetry, which it lost when that branch of literature declined.
In Latin poetry the epode was cultivated, in conscious archaism, both as a part of the ode and as an independent branch of poetry.
The second epode prophesies, in anguish of spirit, the downfall of this country.
This lofty rhyme is built up of strophes, anti-strophes, and an epode.