- a state of rest or balance due to the equal action of opposing forces.
- equal balance between any powers, influences, etc.; equality of effect.
- mental or emotional balance; equanimity: The pressures of the situation caused her to lose her equilibrium.
- Chemistry. the condition existing when a chemical reaction and its reverse reaction proceed at equal rates.
Origin of equilibrium
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for equilibria
The most familiar examples of equilibria in a one-component system are those furnished by the three phases of water, viz.
The equilibria of the fourth univariant system ice—salt—solution are represented by AE.
The lowest portion of the curve, AB, represents the equilibria between ice and solutions containing ferric chloride.
In another series of equilibria which can be obtained, carbon is one of the solid phases.
Form in painting, like the eternal readjustments and equilibria of life, is but an approximation to stability.Modern Painting, Its Tendency and Meaning
Willard Huntington Wright
- a stable condition in which forces cancel one another
- a state or feeling of mental balance; composure
- any unchanging condition or state of a body, system, etc, resulting from the balance or cancelling out of the influences or processes to which it is subjectedSee thermodynamic equilibrium
- physics a state of rest or uniform motion in which there is no resultant force on a body
- chem the condition existing when a chemical reaction and its reverse reaction take place at equal rates
- physics the condition of a system that has its total energy distributed among its component parts in the statistically most probable manner
- physiol a state of bodily balance, maintained primarily by special receptors in the inner ear
- the economic condition in which there is neither excess demand nor excess supply in a market
Word Origin and History for equilibria
- A condition in which all influences acting upon it are canceled by others, resulting in a stable, balanced, or unchanging system.
- The state of a chemical reaction in which its forward and reverse reactions occur at equal rates so that the concentration of the reactants and products does not change with time.dynamic equilibrium
- Mental or emotional balance.
- Physics The state of a body or physical system that is at rest or in constant and unchanging motion. A system that is in equilibrium shows no tendency to alter over time.♦ If a system is in static equilibrium, there are no net forces and no net torque in the system.♦ If a system is in stable equilibrium, small disturbances to the system cause only a temporary change before it returns to its original state.
- Chemistry The state of a reversible chemical reaction in which its forward and reverse reactions occur at equal rates so that the concentration of the reactants and products remains the same.
A condition in which all influences acting cancel each other, so that a static or balanced situation results. In physics, equilibrium results from the cancellation of forces acting on an object. In chemistry, it occurs when chemical reactions are proceeding in such a way that the amount of each substance in a system remains the same. (See chemical equilibrium.)