On this occasion Beethoven's Eroica Symphony was given for the first time in Rome.
The Eroica Symphony describes the battle of the passions as well as of armed men.
Beethoven partly invented programme music in the Eroica Symphony, but the idea is still more evident in the Pastoral.
Beethoven had a lively recollection that Bernadotte had really first inspired him with the idea of the Eroica Symphony.
The greater part of it is composed of the principal theme of the first movement of the Eroica Symphony.