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[es-kuh-moh] /ˈɛs kəˌmoʊ/
noun, plural Eskimos (especially collectively) Eskimo for 1.
a member of an indigenous people of Greenland, northern Canada, Alaska, and northeastern Siberia, characterized by short, stocky build and light-brown complexion.
either of two related languages spoken by the Eskimos, one in Greenland, Canada, and northern Alaska, the other in southern Alaska and Siberia.
Compare Inuit, Yupik.
Origin of Eskimo
1575-85; < earlier Esqimawe(s), apparently via French (of 16th-century Basque fishermen) < Spanish esquimao(s) < Montagnais (French spelling) aiachkimeou- a name for the Micmac, extended or transferred to the Labrador Eskimo among the eastern Montagnais; perhaps literally, snowshoe-netter (compare Ojibwa aškime· to net snowshoes); cf. husky3
Related forms
Eskimoan, adjective
[es-kuh-moid] /ˈɛs kəˌmɔɪd/ (Show IPA),
pro-Eskimo, adjective, noun, plural pro-Eskimos, pro-Eskimo.
Usage note
The name Inuit, by which the native people of the Arctic from northern Alaska to western Greenland call themselves, has largely supplanted Eskimo in Canada and is used officially by the Canadian government. Many Inuit consider Eskimo derogatory, in part because the word was, erroneously, long thought to mean literally “eater of raw meat.” Inuit has also come to be used in a wider sense, to name all people traditionally called Eskimo, regardless of local self-designations. Nonetheless, Eskimo continues in use in all parts of the world, especially in historical and archaeological contexts and in reference to the people as a cultural and linguistic unity. The term Native American is sometimes used to include Eskimo and Aleut peoples. See also Indian. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for Eskimo
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Everything but the provisions for the Eskimo crew was already aboard.

    The Long Labrador Trail Dillon Wallace
  • Fifty miles inland the Indian and Eskimo hunters had met them.

    The Long Labrador Trail Dillon Wallace
  • The Eskimo religion, like that of the Indian, is one of fear.

    The Long Labrador Trail Dillon Wallace
  • The Eskimo, who seemed to act as cook, occasionally looked into the camp-kettle.

    The Hound From The North Ridgwell Cullum
  • They bought of the Eskimo what furs they wanted and paid as little for them as possible.

    The Trail of a Sourdough May Kellogg Sullivan
  • In a small hut upon the beach lived the Eskimo woman and her boy.

    The Trail of a Sourdough May Kellogg Sullivan
  • It is warm inside an Eskimo's hut although it is built of ice and snow.

    Common Science Carleton W. Washburne
British Dictionary definitions for Eskimo


(pl) -mos, -mo. a member of a group of peoples inhabiting N Canada, Greenland, Alaska, and E Siberia, having a material culture adapted to an extremely cold climate
the language of these peoples
a family of languages that includes Eskimo and Aleut
relating to, denoting, or characteristic of the Eskimos
See also Inuit, Inuktitut
Former spelling Esquimau
Usage note
Eskimo is considered by many to be offensive, and in North America the term Inuit is usually preferred. Inuit, however, can be accurately applied only to those Aboriginal peoples inhabiting parts of Northern Canada, Alaska, and Greenland (as distinguished from those in Asia or the Aleutian Islands)
Word Origin
C18 from Algonquian Esquimawes
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Eskimo

1580s, from Danish Eskimo or Middle French Esquimaux (plural), both probably from an Algonquian word, such as Abenaki askimo (plural askimoak), Ojibwa ashkimeq, traditionally said to mean literally "eaters of raw meat," from Proto-Algonquian *ask- "raw" + *-imo "eat." Research from 1980s in linguistics of the region suggests this derivation, though widely credited there, might be inaccurate or incomplete, and the word might mean "snowshoe-netter." Cf. also Innuit. Eskimo pie "chocolate-coated ice cream bar" introduced 1921.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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