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[yoo-frey-teez] /yuˈfreɪ tiz/
a river in SW Asia, flowing from E Turkey through Syria and Iraq, joining the Tigris to form the Shatt-al-Arab near the Persian Gulf. 1700 miles (2735 km) long.
Related forms
Euphratean, adjective
trans-Euphrates, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for euphrates river
Historical Examples
  • Its eastern shore is within a hundred miles of the headwaters of the euphrates river, which is navigable for small craft to Bir.

    Asiatic Breezes Oliver Optic
  • The literal Babylon was an ancient city situated on the euphrates river.

    Birth of a Reformation Andrew Byers
  • Perhaps some years ago it had formed actually the bed of the euphrates river, which had then flowed over and through it.

    On the Road to Bagdad F. S. Brereton
  • It was situated southwest of the euphrates river, near the plains which were the nation's chief grazing grounds.

    Hebrew Life and Times Harold B. Hunting
  • Originally Ea appears to have been a fish--the incarnation of the spirit of, or life principle in, the euphrates river.

    Myths of Babylonia and Assyria Donald A. Mackenzie
British Dictionary definitions for euphrates river


a river in SW Asia, rising in E Turkey and flowing south across Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris, forming the Shatt-al-Arab, which flows to the head of the Persian Gulf: important in ancient times for the extensive irrigation of its valley (in Mesopotamia). Length: 3598 km (2235 miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for euphrates river


Old English Eufrate, from Greek Euphrates, from Old Persian Ufratu, perhaps from Avestan huperethuua "good to cross over," from hu- "good" + peretu- "ford." But Kent says "probably a popular etymologizing in O.P. of a local non-Iranian name" ["Old Persian," p.176]. In Akkadian, purattu.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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euphrates river in Culture
Euphrates River [(yooh-fray-teez)]

River in southwestern Asia that flows through eastern Turkey, Syria, and Iraq before uniting with the Tigres River and emptying into the Persian Gulf.

Note: It was important in the development of many great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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