Arrian in his Periplus of the Euxine states that it was originally named Kerasus.
The disquisition on the reasons for the Euxine's freezing over is, however, new.
Previous to this it had been the main emporium of Byzantine commerce upon the N. coast of the Euxine.
From Egypt to the Euxine Sea, the bishops were in arms and in motion.
With an immense fleet of barges, containing sixty thousand men, he descended the Dnieper to the Euxine.
It was a colony of Miletus, and was the most important Greek city north of the Euxine.
It was in the ship “Euxine,” taking 3,000 tons of coal to the Mauritius.
It then enters Themiscyra, and discharges itself into the Euxine.
There was also a town of the same name near the mouth of the Ister, on the Euxine Sea.
Nicholas learnt that the Russian flag was swept from the Euxine.
archaic name for the Black Sea, from Latin Pontus Euxinus, from Greek Pontos Euxenios, literally "the hospitable sea," a euphemism for Pontos Axeinos, "the inhospitable sea."
According to Room, The Old Persian name for the sea was akhshaena, literally "dark," probably in reference to the sudden, dangerous storms that make the sea perilous to sailors and darken its face, and the Greeks took this untranslated as Pontos Axeinos, which was interpeted as the similar-sounding Greek word axenos "inhospitable." Thus the modern English name could reflect the Old Persian one.