Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

exacerbate

[ig-zas-er-beyt, ek-sas-]
See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
verb (used with object), ex·ac·er·bat·ed, ex·ac·er·bat·ing.
  1. to increase the severity, bitterness, or violence of (disease, ill feeling, etc.); aggravate.
  2. to embitter the feelings of (a person); irritate; exasperate.
Show More

Origin of exacerbate

1650–60; < Latin exacerbātus (past participle of exacerbāre to exasperate, provoke), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + acerbātus acerbate
Related formsex·ac·er·bat·ing·ly, adverbex·ac·er·ba·tion, nounun·ex·ac·er·bat·ed, adjectiveun·ex·ac·er·bat·ing, adjective
Can be confusedexacerbate exasperate

Synonyms

See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
1. intensify, inflame, worsen.

Antonyms

1. relieve, soothe, alleviate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for exacerbated

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples


British Dictionary definitions for exacerbated

exacerbate

verb (tr)
  1. to make (pain, disease, emotion, etc) more intense; aggravate
  2. to exasperate or irritate (a person)
Show More
Derived Formsexacerbation, noun

Word Origin

C17: from Latin exacerbāre to irritate, from acerbus bitter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for exacerbated

exacerbate

v.

1650s, a back-formation from exacerbation or else from Latin exacerbatus, past participle of exacerbare (see exacerbation). Related: Exacerbated; exacerbating.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper