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[verb ig-zas-puh-reyt; adjective ig-zas-per-it] /verb ɪgˈzæs pəˌreɪt; adjective ɪgˈzæs pər ɪt/
verb (used with object), exasperated, exasperating.
to irritate or provoke to a high degree; annoy extremely:
He was exasperated by the senseless delays.
Archaic. to increase the intensity or violence of (disease, pain, feelings, etc.).
Botany. rough; covered with hard, projecting points, as a leaf.
Origin of exasperate
1525-35; < Latin exasperātus (past participle of exasperāre to make rough, provoke), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + asper harsh, rough + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
exasperatedly, adverb
exasperater, noun
exasperatingly, adverb
unexasperated, adjective
unexasperating, adjective
Can be confused
exacerbate, exasperate.
1. incense, anger, vex, inflame, infuriate. 2. exacerbate.
Synonym Study
1. See irritate. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for exasperatingly
Historical Examples
  • Sybil was smiling mysteriously and exasperatingly to herself.

    The Education of Eric Lane Stephen McKenna
  • On this occasion Robin had been exasperatingly self-contained.

    The Right Stuff Ian Hay
  • How exasperatingly slow it was: how indifferent it seemed to her happiness!

    The Mask

    Arthur Hornblow
  • His lack of personal importance hampered him exasperatingly.

    Benjamin Franklin John Torrey Morse, Jr.
  • And all the while, she was so exasperatingly natural and innocent.

    John Marvel, Assistant Thomas Nelson Page
  • "You're lucky to be alive," observed Ember, exasperatingly philosophic.

    The Destroying Angel

    Louis Joseph Vance
  • Possibly he repels them by being too exasperatingly conscientious.

    Bird Neighbors Neltje Blanchan
  • "No, you'd hardly be such a juggins as that," Mr. Levison leered, exasperatingly.

    A Traitor's Wooing Headon Hill
  • They are awfully tame and exasperatingly free from incident.

    By Right of Conquest Arthur Hornblow
  • Cairns' attitude was exasperatingly that of Gallio, save as concerned Victoria.

    A Bed of Roses W. L. George
British Dictionary definitions for exasperatingly


verb (transitive)
to cause great irritation or anger to; infuriate
to cause (an unpleasant feeling, condition, etc) to worsen; aggravate
(botany) having a rough prickly surface because of the presence of hard projecting points
Derived Forms
exasperatedly, adverb
exasperater, noun
exasperating, adjective
exasperatingly, adverb
exasperation, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin exasperāre to make rough, from asper rough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for exasperatingly



1530s, from Latin exasperatus, past participle of exasperare "roughen, irritate, provoke," from ex- "thoroughly" (see ex-) + asper "rough" (see asperity). Related: Exasperated; exasperating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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