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[noun ek-sahyz, -sahys; verb ek-sahyz, ik-sahyz] /noun ˈɛk saɪz, -saɪs; verb ˈɛk saɪz, ɪkˈsaɪz/
an internal tax or duty on certain commodities, as liquor or tobacco, levied on their manufacture, sale, or consumption within the country.
a tax levied for a license to carry on certain employments, pursue certain sports, etc.
British. the branch of the civil service that collects excise taxes.
verb (used with object), excised, excising.
to impose an excise on.
Origin of excise1
1485-95; apparently < Middle Dutch excijs, variant of accijs < Medieval Latin accīsa tax, literally, a cut, noun use of feminine past participle of Latin accīdere to cut into, equivalent to ac- ac- + cīd-, variant stem of caedere to cut + -ta feminine past participle suffix, with dt > s


[ik-sahyz] /ɪkˈsaɪz/
verb (used with object), excised, excising.
to expunge, as a passage or sentence, from a text.
to cut out or off, as a tumor.
1570-80; < Latin excīsus cut out, hewn down, past participle of excīdere to excide
Related forms
excisable, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for excise


noun (ˈɛksaɪz; ɛkˈsaɪz)
Also called excise tax. a tax on goods, such as spirits, produced for the home market
a tax paid for a licence to carry out various trades, sports, etc
(Brit) that section of the government service responsible for the collection of excise, now part of HMRC
Derived Forms
excisable, adjective
Word Origin
C15: probably from Middle Dutch excijs, probably from Old French assise a sitting, assessment, from Latin assidēre to sit beside, assist in judging, from sedēre to sit


verb (transitive)
to delete (a passage, sentence, etc); expunge
to remove (an organ, structure, or part) surgically
Derived Forms
excision (ɪkˈsɪʒən) noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin excīdere to cut down; see excide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for excise

"tax on goods," late 15c., from Middle Dutch excijs (early 15c.), apparently altered from accijs "tax" (by influence of Latin excisus "cut out or removed," see excise (v.)), traditionally from Old French acceis "tax, assessment" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *accensum, ultimately from Latin ad- "to" (see ad-) + census "tax, census" (see census). English got the word, and the idea for the tax, from Holland.


"cut out," 1570s, from Middle French exciser, from Latin excisus, past participle of excidere "cut out, cut down, cut off," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + -cidere, comb. form of caedere "to cut down" (see -cide). Related: Excised; excising.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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excise in Medicine

excise ex·cise (ĭk-sīz')
v. ex·cised, ex·cis·ing, ex·cis·es
To remove by cutting.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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