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experiment

[noun ik-sper-uh-muh nt; verb ek-sper-uh-ment] /noun ɪkˈspɛr ə mənt; verb ɛkˈspɛr əˌmɛnt/
noun
1.
a test, trial, or tentative procedure; an act or operation for the purpose of discovering something unknown or of testing a principle, supposition, etc.:
a chemical experiment; a teaching experiment; an experiment in living.
2.
the conducting of such operations; experimentation:
a product that is the result of long experiment.
3.
Obsolete. experience.
verb (used without object)
4.
to try or test, especially in order to discover or prove something:
to experiment with a new procedure.
Origin of experiment
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English: proof < Latin experīmentum. See experience, -ment
Related forms
experimenter, experimentor, experimentator, noun
preexperiment, noun
proexperiment, adjective
reexperiment, verb (used without object), noun
unexperimented, adjective
Synonyms
2. research, investigation.
Synonym Study
1. See trial.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for experimenter
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • On account of this alone no small interest will be aroused in the experimenter.

  • The experimenter had tasted elderberry once, but he knew no more of wine.

    Despair's Last Journey David Christie Murray
  • He was the on-looker, after all—not the experimenter he should have been and wished to be.

    The Shadow World

    Hamlin Garland
  • Table I shows the results of tests made by Feret, the French experimenter.

    Concrete Construction Halbert P. Gillette
  • But even in this he is impelled by the enthusiasm of an experimenter and a developer.

  • The successful farmer of the future must be an experimenter in a small way.

    Your Plants James Sheehan
  • He was also an early, but unsuccessful, experimenter in the photographic art.

  • She is the experimenter and the suggester of new combinations.

    Backlog Studies Charles Dudley Warner
  • But this would not have served the purpose of our experimenter.

    The Ocean World: Louis Figuier
British Dictionary definitions for experimenter

experiment

noun (ɪkˈspɛrɪmənt)
1.
a test or investigation, esp one planned to provide evidence for or against a hypothesis: a scientific experiment
2.
the act of conducting such an investigation or test; experimentation; research
3.
an attempt at something new or different; an effort to be original: a poetic experiment
4.
an obsolete word for experience
verb (ɪkˈspɛrɪˌmɛnt)
5.
(intransitive) to make an experiment or experiments
Derived Forms
experimenter, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin experīmentum proof, trial, from experīrī to test; see experience
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for experimenter

experiment

n.

mid-14c., from Old French esperment "practical knowledge, cunning, enchantment; trial, proof, example, lesson," from Latin experimentum "a trial, test, proof, experiment," noun of action from experiri "to test, try" (see experience).

experiment

v.

late 15c., from experiment (n.). Related: Experimented; experimenting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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experimenter in Medicine

experiment ex·per·i·ment (ĭk-spěr'ə-mənt)
n.

  1. A test under controlled conditions that is made to demonstrate a known truth, to examine the validity of a hypothesis, or to determine the efficacy of something previously untried.

  2. The process of conducting such a test; experimentation.

  3. An innovative act or procedure.

  4. The result of experimentation.

v. ex·per·i·ment·ed, ex·per·i·ment·ing, ex·per·i·ments (-měnt')
  1. To conduct an experiment.

  2. To try something new, especially in order to gain experience.


ex·per'i·ment'er n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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experimenter in Science
experiment
  (ĭk-spěr'ə-mənt)   
A test or procedure carried out under controlled conditions to determine the validity of a hypothesis or make a discovery. See Note at hypothesis.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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