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[fley-muh n, -men] /ˈfleɪ mən, -mɛn/
noun, plural flamens, flamines
[flam-uh-neez] /ˈflæm əˌniz/ (Show IPA)
(in ancient Rome) a priest.
Origin of flamen
1300-50; < Latin flamen (perhaps earlier *flādmen; akin to Old English blōtan to sacrifice); replacing Middle English flamin < Latin flāmin- (stem of flāmen) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for flamen


noun (pl) flamens, flamines (ˈflæmɪˌniːz)
(in ancient Rome) any of 15 priests who each served a particular deity
Word Origin
C14: from Latin; probably related to Old English blōtan to sacrifice, Gothic blotan to worship
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for flamen

"ancient Roman priest," 1530s, from Latin flamen, of unknown origin, perhaps from PIE root *bhlad- "to worship" (cf. Gothic blotan, Old English blotan "to sacrifice"). Also used from early 14c. in reference to the ancient pre-Christian British priests, in imitation of Geoffrey of Monmouth.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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