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life

[lahyf]
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noun, plural lives [lahyvz] /laɪvz/.
  1. the condition that distinguishes organisms from inorganic objects and dead organisms, being manifested by growth through metabolism, reproduction, and the power of adaptation to environment through changes originating internally.
  2. the sum of the distinguishing phenomena of organisms, especially metabolism, growth, reproduction, and adaptation to environment.
  3. the animate existence or period of animate existence of an individual: to risk one's life; a short life and a merry one.
  4. a corresponding state, existence, or principle of existence conceived of as belonging to the soul: eternal life.
  5. the general or universal condition of human existence: Too bad, but life is like that.
  6. any specified period of animate existence: a man in middle life.
  7. the period of existence, activity, or effectiveness of something inanimate, as a machine, lease, or play: The life of the car may be ten years.
  8. a living being, especially a human being: Several lives were lost.
  9. living things collectively: the hope of discovering life on other planets; insect life.
  10. a particular aspect of existence: He enjoys an active physical life.
  11. the course of existence or sum of experiences and actions that constitute a person's existence: His business has been his entire life.
  12. a biography: a newly published life of Willa Cather.
  13. animation; liveliness; spirit: a speech full of life.
  14. resilience; elasticity.
  15. the force that makes or keeps something alive; the vivifying or quickening principle: The life of the treaty has been an increase of mutual understanding and respect.
  16. a mode or manner of existence, as in the world of affairs or society: So far her business life has not overlapped her social life.
  17. the period or extent of authority, popularity, approval, etc.: the life of the committee; the life of a bestseller.
  18. a prison sentence covering the remaining portion of the offender's animate existence: The judge gave him life.
  19. anything or anyone considered to be as precious as life: She was his life.
  20. a person or thing that enlivens, cheers, or brightens a gathering or group: the life of the party.
  21. effervescence or sparkle, as of wines.
  22. pungency or strong, sharp flavor, as of substances when fresh or in good condition.
  23. nature or any of the forms of nature as the model or subject of a work of art: drawn from life.
  24. Baseball. another opportunity given to a batter to bat because of a misplay by a fielder.
  25. (in English pool) one of a limited number of shots allowed a player: Each pool player has three lives at the beginning of the game.
adjective
  1. for or lasting a lifetime; lifelong: a life membership in a club; life imprisonment.
  2. of or relating to animate existence: the life force; life functions.
  3. working from nature or using a living model: a life drawing; a life class in oil painting.
Idioms
  1. as large as life, actually; indeed: There he stood, as large as life.Also as big as life.
  2. come to life,
    1. to recover consciousness.
    2. to become animated and vigorous: The evening passed, but somehow the party never came to life.
    3. to appear lifelike: The characters of the novel came to life on the screen.
  3. for dear life, with desperate effort, energy, or speed: We ran for dear life, with the dogs at our heels.Also for one's life.
  4. for the life of one, as hard as one tries; even with the utmost effort: He can't understand it for the life of him.
  5. get a life, to improve the quality of one's social and professional life: often used in the imperative to express impatience with someone's behavior: Stop wasting time with that nonsense; get a life!
  6. not on your life, Informal. absolutely not; under no circumstances; by no means: Will I stand for such a thing? Not on your life!
  7. take one's life in one's hands, to risk death knowingly: We were warned that we were taking our lives in our hands by going through that swampy area.
  8. to the life, in perfect imitation; exactly: The portrait characterized him to the life.

Origin of life

before 900; Middle English lif(e); Old English līf; cognate with Dutch lijf, German Leib body, Old Norse līf life, body; akin to live1
Related formspre·life, adjectiveun·der·life, noun

Synonyms

See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
13. vivacity, sprightliness, vigor, verve, activity, energy.

Antonyms

13. inertia.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for for dear life

life

noun plural lives (laɪvz)
  1. the state or quality that distinguishes living beings or organisms from dead ones and from inorganic matter, characterized chiefly by metabolism, growth, and the ability to reproduce and respond to stimuliRelated adjectives: animate, vital
  2. the period between birth and death
  3. a living person or beingto save a life
  4. the time between birth and the present time
    1. the remainder or extent of one's life
    2. (as modifier)a life sentence; life membership; life subscription; life work
  5. short for life imprisonment
  6. the amount of time that something is active or functioningthe life of a battery
  7. a present condition, state, or mode of existencemy life is very dull here
    1. a biography
    2. (as modifier)a life story
    1. a characteristic state or mode of existencetown life
    2. (as modifier)life style
  8. the sum or course of human events and activities
  9. liveliness or high spiritsfull of life
  10. a source of strength, animation, or vitalityhe was the life of the show
  11. all living things, taken as a wholethere is no life on Mars; plant life
  12. sparkle, as of wines
  13. strong or high flavour, as of fresh food
  14. (modifier) arts drawn or taken from a living modellife drawing; a life mask
  15. physics another name for lifetime
  16. (in certain games) one of a number of opportunities of participation
  17. as large as life informal real and living
  18. larger than life in an exaggerated form
  19. come to life
    1. to become animate or conscious
    2. to be realistically portrayed or represented
  20. for dear life urgently or with extreme vigour or desperation
  21. for the life of one though trying desperately
  22. go for your life Australian and NZ informal an expression of encouragement
  23. a matter of life and death a matter of extreme urgency
  24. not on your life informal certainly not
  25. the life and soul informal a person regarded as the main source of merriment and livelinessthe life and soul of the party
  26. the life of Riley informal an easy life
  27. to the life (of a copy or image) resembling the original exactly
  28. to save one's life informal in spite of all considerations or attemptshe couldn't play football to save his life
  29. the time of one's life a memorably enjoyable time
  30. true to life faithful to reality

Word Origin

Old English līf; related to Old High German lib, Old Norse līf life, body
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for for dear life

life

n.

Old English life (dative lif) "existence, lifetime, way of life, condition of being a living thing, opposite of death," from Proto-Germanic *libam (cf. Old Norse lif "life, body," Dutch lijf "body," Old High German lib "life," German Leib "body"), properly "continuance, perseverance," from PIE *leip- "to remain, persevere, continue; stick, adhere" (see leave (v.)). Much of the modern range of meanings was present in Old English. Meaning "property which distinguishes living from non-living matter" is from 1560s. Sense of "vitality, energy" is from 1580s. Extended 1703 to "term of duration (of inanimate objects)."

Life-jacket is from 1840; life-preserver from 1630s of anything that is meant to save a life, 1803 of devices worn to prevent drowning. Life-saver is from 1883, figurative use from 1909, as a brand of hard sugar candy, from 1912, so called for shape. Life-form is from 1861. Life cycle is from 1855.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

for dear life in Medicine

life

(līf)
n. pl. lives (līvz)
  1. The property or quality that distinguishes living organisms from dead organisms and inanimate matter, manifested in functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, and response to stimuli or adaptation to the environment originating from within the organism.
  2. The characteristic state or condition of a living organism.
  3. Living organisms considered as a group.
  4. A living being, especially a person.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

for dear life in Science

life

[līf]
  1. The properties or qualities that distinguish living plants and organisms from dead or inanimate matter, including the capacity to grow, metabolize nutrients, respond to stimuli, reproduce, and adapt to the environment. The definitive beginning and end of human life are complex concepts informed by medical, legal, sociological, and religious considerations.
  2. Living organisms considered as a group, such as the plants or animals of a given region.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with for dear life

for dear life

Also, for one's life. Desperately, urgently, so as to save one's life. For example, When the boat capsized, I hung on for dear life, or With the dogs chasing them they ran for their lives, or She wanted that vase but I saw it first and hung on to it for dear life. These expressions are sometimes hyperbolic (that is, one's life may not actually be in danger). The first dates from the mid-1800s, the variant from the first half of the 1600s. Also see for the life of one.

life

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.