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forest

[fawr-ist, for-] /ˈfɔr ɪst, ˈfɒr-/
noun
1.
a large tract of land covered with trees and underbrush; woodland.
2.
the trees on such a tract:
to cut down a forest.
3.
a tract of wooded grounds in England formerly belonging to the sovereign and set apart for game.
4.
a thick cluster of vertical objects:
a forest of church spires.
verb (used with object)
5.
to supply or cover with trees; convert into a forest.
Origin of forest
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Old French < Late Latin forestis (silva) an unenclosed wood (as opposed to a park), derivative of Latin forīs outside. Cf. foreign
Related forms
forestal, forestial
[fuh-res-chuh l] /fəˈrɛs tʃəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
forested, adjective
forestless, adjective
forestlike, adjective
nonforest, noun
nonforested, adjective
unforested, adjective
well-forested, adjective
Synonyms
1. Forest, grove, wood refer to an area covered with trees. A forest is an extensive area, preserving some or all of its primitive wildness and usually having game or wild animals in it: Sherwood Forest; the Black Forest. A grove is a group or cluster of trees, usually not very large in area and cleared of underbrush. It is usually tended or cultivated: a shady grove; a grove of pines; an orange grove; a walnut grove. Woods (or a wood ) resembles a forest but is a smaller tract of land, less wild in character, and generally closer to civilization: lost in the woods; a wood covering several acres.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Historical Examples
British Dictionary definitions for forestal

forest

/ˈfɒrɪst/
noun
1.
a large wooded area having a thick growth of trees and plants
2.
the trees of such an area
3.
(NZ) an area planted with exotic pines or similar trees Compare bush1 (sense 4)
4.
something resembling a large wooded area, esp in density: a forest of telegraph poles
5.
(law) (formerly) an area of woodland, esp one owned by the sovereign and set apart as a hunting ground with its own laws and officers Compare park (sense 5)
6.
(modifier) of, involving, or living in a forest or forests: a forest glade
verb
7.
(transitive) to create a forest (in); plant with trees
Derived Forms
forestal, foresteal (fəˈrɛstɪəl) adjective
forested, adjective
forestless, adjective
forest-like, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French, from Medieval Latin forestis unfenced woodland, from Latin foris outside
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for forestal

forest

n.

late 13c., "extensive tree-covered district," especially one set aside for royal hunting and under the protection of the king, from Old French forest "forest, wood, woodland" (Modern French forêt), probably ultimately from Late Latin/Medieval Latin forestem silvam "the outside woods," a term from the Capitularies of Charlemagne denoting "the royal forest;" perhaps via Old High German forst, from Latin foris "outside" (see foreign), with a sense of "beyond the park," the park being the main or central fenced woodland.

Another theory traces it through Medieval Latin forestis, originally "forest preserve, game preserve," from Latin forum in legal sense "court, judgment;" in other words "land subject to a ban" [Buck]. Replaced Old English wudu.

v.

1818 (forested is attested from 1610s), from forest (n.).

forest

v.

1818 (forested is attested from 1610s), from forest (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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forestal in Science
forest
  (fôr'ĭst)   
A dense growth of trees and underbrush covering a large area. Forests exist in all regions of the Earth except for regions of extreme cold or dryness.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with forestal
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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