The formic acid that the ants secrete had partly paralyzed it and made defence impossible.
The name "formic" is derived from the Latin formica, signifying ant.
I find the formic acid which I obtain from different chemists rather variable in its strength.
formic acid is shed so sensibly by the wood Ant, formica rufa, when an Ant-hill is stirred, that it can occasion an inflammation.
There is a deal to be said in favour of the use of another organic acid, formic acid.
Some, of a large kind, are boiled for the sake of the (formic) acid they contain; and the water when strained is used for vinegar.
The formic and the acetic acids are examples of a series of organic acids known as fatty acids.
formic acid may be used in place of the sulphuric acid, very good results being obtained.
Of the acid produced, less than 30 per cent is lactic acid; the other acids are formic, acetic, proprionic and succinic.
In this way alcohol and pyroxylic spirit may be converted into acetic and formic acids, &c.
1791 (in formic acid), coined from Latin formica "ant" (see Formica (n.2)). The acid apparently first was noticed by Samuel Fisher and John Wray in 1670; it was first obtained in a fairly pure form in 1749 by German chemist Andreas Sigismund Marggraf (1709-1782), who prepared it by distilling red ants. It also is found in bee stings and stinging nettles.