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Fourier

[foo r-ee-ey, -ee-er; for 1, 2 also French foo ryey] /ˈfʊər iˌeɪ, -i ər; for 1, 2 also French fu ˈryeɪ/
noun
1.
François Marie Charles
[frahn-swa ma-ree sharl] /frɑ̃ˈswa maˈri ʃarl/ (Show IPA),
1772–1837, French socialist, writer, and reformer.
2.
Jean Baptiste Joseph
[zhahn ba-teest zhaw-zef] /ʒɑ̃ baˈtist ʒɔˈzɛf/ (Show IPA),
1768–1830, French mathematician and physicist.
3.
a crater in the third quadrant of the face of the moon: about 36 miles (58 km) in diameter.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Fourier
Historical Examples
  • Fourier, we also know, applied the principle of evolution to society.

    Socialism John Spargo
  • He said that Fourier learned of him all the truth that he had.

    Socialism John Spargo
  • What Fourier's afternoon visit has to do with Mme. d'Agen's journey?

    The Bronze Eagle

    Emmuska Orczy, Baroness Orczy
  • Fourier rings the changes on this theme till he exhausts all its combinations.

  • The palingenesis of Leroux or Fourier removes the radical injustice.

  • Fourier's first axiom was: The series distribute the Harmonies.

    My Friends at Brook Farm John Van Der Zee Sears
  • He translated the works of Fourier and published them at his own cost.

    My Friends at Brook Farm John Van Der Zee Sears
  • But Fourier is at his greatest in his conception of the history of society.

  • Ohm forms his conception of the electric current in imitation of Fourier's.

  • "And he is not the first man driven man by Fourier's ideas," said Bixiou.

    Unconscious Comedians Honore de Balzac
British Dictionary definitions for Fourier

Fourier

/ˈfʊərɪˌeɪ; French furje/
noun
1.
(François Marie) Charles (ʃarl). 1772–1837, French social reformer: propounded a system of cooperatives known as Fourierism, esp in his work Le Nouveau monde industriel (1829–30)
2.
Jean Baptiste Joseph (ʒɑ̃ batist ʒozɛf). 1768–1830, French mathematician, Egyptologist, and administrator, noted particularly for his research on the theory of heat and the method of analysis named after him
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Fourier in Science
Fourier
  (fr'ē-ā', f-ryā')   
French mathematician and physicist who introduced the expansion of periodic functions in the trigonometric series that is now named for him. He also studied the conduction of heat in solid bodies.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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