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fresh

[fresh]
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adjective, fresh·er, fresh·est.
  1. newly made or obtained: fresh footprints.
  2. recently arrived; just come: fresh from school.
  3. new; not previously known, met with, etc.; novel: to uncover fresh facts; to seek fresh experiences.
  4. additional or further: fresh supplies.
  5. not salty, as water.
  6. retaining the original properties unimpaired; not stale or spoiled: Is the milk still fresh?
  7. not preserved by freezing, canning, pickling, salting, drying, etc.: fresh vegetables.
  8. not tired or fatigued; brisk; vigorous: She was still fresh after that long walk.
  9. not faded, worn, obliterated, etc.: fresh paint; a fresh appearance.
  10. looking youthful and healthy: a fresh beauty that we all admired.
  11. pure, cool, or refreshing, as air.
  12. denoting a young wine, especially a white or rosé, that is clean, crisp, and uncomplicated.
  13. Meteorology. (of wind) moderately strong or brisk.
  14. inexperienced; green; callow: Two hundred fresh recruits arrived at the training camp.
  15. Informal. forward or presumptuous.
  16. (of a cow) having recently given birth to a calf.
  17. Slang.
    1. exciting; appealing; great.
    2. informed; up-to-date.
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noun
  1. the fresh part or time.
  2. a freshet.
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verb (used with or without object)
  1. to make or become fresh.
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adverb
  1. newly; recently; just now: He is fresh out of ideas. The eggs are fresh laid.
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Origin of fresh

before 900; Middle English; Old English fersc; cognate with Old Frisian fersk, Old High German frisc (German frisch), Old Norse ferskr
Related formsfresh·ly, adverbfresh·ness, noun

Synonyms

See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
1. recent. See new. 11. invigorating, sweet, unadulterated. 14. artless, untrained, raw, uncultivated, unskilled.

Antonyms

1. old. 14. skilled.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for fresh

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • The West and the East were met in conflict,—the old and the new, the stale and the fresh.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • And yet there ought to be so much to do here; it's all so fresh and roomy and jolly.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • "I think I will," said the superintendent, helping himself to a fresh slice of toast.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • That's where our big West is, over that way—isn't it fresh and green and beautiful?

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • Whenever he was fresh and full of spirits, he had enough to overflow upon her and every one.

    Malbone

    Thomas Wentworth Higginson


British Dictionary definitions for fresh

fresh

adjective
  1. not stale or deteriorated; newly made, harvested, etcfresh bread; fresh strawberries
  2. newly acquired, created, found, etcfresh publications
  3. novel; originala fresh outlook
  4. latest; most recentfresh developments
  5. further; additional; morefresh supplies
  6. not canned, frozen, or otherwise preservedfresh fruit
  7. (of water) not salt
  8. bright or cleara fresh morning
  9. chilly or invigoratinga fresh breeze
  10. not tired; alert; refreshed
  11. not worn or fadedfresh colours
  12. having a healthy or ruddy appearance
  13. newly or just arrived; straightfresh from the presses
  14. youthful or inexperienced
  15. mainly US designating a female farm animal, esp a cow, that has recently given birth
  16. informal presumptuous or disrespectful; forward
  17. Northern English dialect partially intoxicated; tipsy
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noun
  1. the fresh part or time of something
  2. another name for freshet
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verb
  1. obsolete to make or become fresh; freshen
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adverb
  1. in a fresh manner; freshly
  2. fresh out of informal having just run out of supplies of
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Derived Formsfreshly, adverbfreshness, noun

Word Origin

Old English fersc fresh, unsalted; related to Old High German frisc, Old French freis, Old Norse ferskr
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for fresh

adj.1

late 13c. "unsalted, pure, sweet, eager," metathesis of Old English fersc "unsalted," from West Germanic *friskaz (cf. Old Frisian fersk, Middle Dutch versch, Dutch vers, Old High German frisc, German frisch "fresh").

Probably cognate with Old Church Slavonic presinu "fresh," Lithuanian preskas "sweet." The metathesis, and the expanded Middle English senses of "new, pure, eager" are probably by influence of (or in some instances, from) Old French fres (fem. fresche), from Proto-Germanic *frisko-, and thus related to the English word. The Germanic root also is the source of Italian and Spanish fresco. Related: Freshly; freshness.

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adj.2

"impudent, presumptuous," 1848, U.S. slang, probably from German frech "insolent, cheeky," from Old High German freh "covetous," related to Old English frec "greedy, bold" (see freak (n.)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with fresh

fresh

In addition to the idioms beginning with fresh

also see:

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.