- something, as a glove, thrown down by a medieval knight in token of challenge to combat.
- Archaic. a challenge.
- Archaic. a pledge or pawn; security.
- Archaic. to pledge, stake, or wager.
Origin of gage1
Origin of gage3
- Thomas,1721–87, British general in America 1763–76.
- to determine the exact dimensions, capacity, quantity, or force of; measure.
- to appraise, estimate, or judge.
- to make conformable to a standard.
- to mark or measure off; delineate.
- to prepare or mix (plaster) with a definite proportion of plaster of Paris and mortar.
- to chip or rub (bricks or stones) to a uniform size or shape.
- a standard of measure or measurement.
- a standard dimension, size, or quantity.
- any device or instrument for measuring, registering measurements, or testing something, especially for measuring a dimension, quantity, or mechanical accuracy: pressure gauge; marking gauge.
- a means of estimating or judging; criterion; test.
- extent; scope; capacity: trying to determine the gauge of his own strength.
- Ordnance. a unit of measure of the internal diameter of a shotgun barrel, determined by the number of spherical lead bullets of a diameter equal to that of the bore that are required to make one pound: a twelve-gauge shotgun.
- Railroads. the distance between the inner edges of the heads of the rails in a track, usually 4 feet 8.5 inches (1.4 meters) (standard gauge), but sometimes more (broad gauge) and sometimes less (narrow gauge).
- the distance between a pair of wheels on an axle.
- the thickness or diameter of various, usually thin, objects, as the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of a wire or screw.
- the fineness of a knitted fabric as expressed in loops per every 1.5 inches (3.8 cm): 15 denier, 60 gauge stockings.
- Nautical. the position of one vessel as being to the windward (weather gauge) or to the leeward (lee gauge) of another vessel on an approximately parallel course.
- Building Trades. the portion of the length of a slate, tile, etc., left exposed when laid in place.
- the amount of plaster of Paris mixed with mortar or common plaster to hasten the set.
Origin of gauge
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for gage
That means six years, at least, of 30-hour gym days and, at Gage, $600-a-month training costs.
But Grimes estimates that there are roughly 20 girls at Gage training at elite levels, and writing those accompanying checks.
At the time, the LAPD appealed for help after a 15-year-old girl was sexually assaulted in the area of Hoover and Gage avenues.Hunt for L.A.’s ‘Teardrop Rapist’ May Hinge on Familial DNA Testing
June 30, 2012
That same year, the LAPD appealed for help after a 15-year-old girl was sexually assaulted in the area of Hoover and Gage Avenues.LAPD Launches Manhunt for Prolific Serial ‘Teardrop Rapist’
April 25, 2012
Gage had become prone to fits of rage and inappropriate behavior.Gabrielle Giffords Condition: Can Her Brain Heal?
January 10, 2011
The gage had been thrown down to Andrew, and he dared not pick it up.Way of the Lawless
I flung my gauntlet of buffalo-hide at his feet in gage of battle.The Shame of Motley
Even Samuel Adams, so reasoned the advisers of Gage, might be bought.
Gage knew too well that others of the companies were thoroughly disaffected.
To be sure, Gage was a trifle disingenuous in reviewing the past.
- something deposited as security against the fulfilment of an obligation; pledge
- (formerly) a glove or other object thrown down to indicate a challenge to combat
- (tr) archaic to stake, pledge, or wager
- short for greengage
- US old-fashioned, slang marijuana
- US a variant spelling (esp in technical senses) of gauge
- Thomas. 1721–87, British general and governor in America; commander in chief of British forces at Bunker Hill (1775)
- to measure or determine the amount, quantity, size, condition, etc, of
- to estimate or appraise; judge
- to check for conformity or bring into conformity with a standard measurement, dimension, etc
- a standard measurement, dimension, capacity, or quantity
- any of various instruments for measuring a quantitya pressure gauge
- any of various devices used to check for conformity with a standard measurement
- a standard or means for assessing; test; criterion
- scope, capacity, or extent
- the diameter of the barrel of a gun, esp a shotgun
- the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of wire
- the distance between the rails of a railway track: in Britain 4 ft 8 1/2 in. (1.435 m)
- the distance between two wheels on the same axle of a vehicle, truck, etc
- nautical the position of a vessel in relation to the wind and another vessel. One vessel may be windward (weather gauge) or leeward (lee gauge) of the other
- the proportion of plaster of Paris added to mortar to accelerate its setting
- the distance between the nails securing the slates, tiles, etc, of a roof
- a measure of the fineness of woven or knitted fabric, usually expressed as the number of needles used per inch
- the width of motion-picture film or magnetic tape
- (of a pressure measurement) measured on a pressure gauge that registers zero at atmospheric pressure; above or below atmospheric pressure5 bar gauge See also absolute (def. 10)
Word Origin and History for gage
"pledge," c.1300, from Old French gage "pledge (of battle), security, guarantee" (11c.), from Frankish *wadja-, from Proto-Germanic *wadi- (see wed). Italian gaggio, Spanish and Portuguese gage are French loan-words. The verb is late 15c., from French gager. Related: Gaged, gaging.
see gauge. "The spelling variants gauge and gage have existed since the first recorded uses in Middle English, though in American English gage is found exclusively in technical uses" [Barnhart]. Related: Gaged; gaging.
"ascertain by exact measurements," mid-15c., from Anglo-French gauge (mid-14c.), from Old North French gauger (Old French jauger), from gauge "gauging rod," perhaps from Frankish *galgo "rod, pole for measuring" or another Germanic source (cf. Old Norse gelgja "pole, perch," Old High German galgo; see gallows). Related: Gauged; gauging. The figurative use is from 1580s.
"fixed standard of measure," early 15c. (surname Gageman is early 14c.), from Old North French gauge "gauging rod" (see gauge (v.)). Meaning "instrument for measuring" is from 1680s.