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[gar-uh-suh n] /ˈgær ə sən/
a body of troops stationed in a fortified place.
the place where such troops are stationed.
any military post, especially a permanent one.
verb (used with object)
to provide (a fort, town, etc.) with a garrison.
to occupy (a fort, post, station, etc.) with troops.
to put (troops) on duty in a fort, post, station, etc.
Origin of garrison
1250-1300; Middle English garisoun protection, stronghold < Old French garison, gareison defense, provision, derivative of garir, guerir to defend < Germanic; compare Old High German warjan
Related forms
overgarrison, verb (used with object)
regarrison, verb (used with object)
ungarrisoned, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for garrisoned
Historical Examples
  • She has garrisoned a castle, and hurled defiance at the ruler of the land.

    Love-at-Arms Raphael Sabatini
  • The position is fortified, and garrisoned with a company of the Permanent force.

    The Last Voyage Lady (Annie Allnutt) Brassey
  • Two block-houses, garrisoned by British regulars, guarded the town.

  • The centre one is about three miles off from shore, and is garrisoned by 1200 men.

  • In the morning, Ithamar had entered with his division and garrisoned the city.

    Alroy Benjamin Disraeli
  • In the meantime the Fort was garrisoned from the brig-of-war.

  • As they drew nearer they saw that it was garrisoned with a division of the national guard.

    Manasseh Maurus Jokai
  • Some of the cities that he thus conquered he garrisoned with Gauls.

    Pyrrhus Jacob Abbott
  • They fortified and garrisoned this city, and made it the center of their operations in Spain.

    Hannibal Jacob Abbott
  • St. Maws is garrisoned by an able-bodied person of fourscore, a widower.

    The Cornwall Coast Arthur L. Salmon
British Dictionary definitions for garrisoned


the troops who maintain and guard a base or fortified place
  1. the place itself
  2. (as modifier): a garrison town
(transitive) to station (troops) in (a fort)
Word Origin
C13: from Old French garison, from garir to defend, of Germanic origin; compare Old Norse verja to defend, Old English, Old High German werian
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for garrisoned



c.1300, "store, treasure," from Old French garison "defense" (Modern French guérison "cure, recovery, healing") from garir "defend" (see garret). Meaning "fortified stronghold" is from early 15c.; that of "body of troops in a fortress" is from mid-15c., a sense taken over from Middle English garnison "body of armed men" (late 14c.), from Old French garnison "provision, munitions," from garnir "to furnish, provide."



1560s, from garrison (n.). Related: Garrisoned; garrisoning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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