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[jee-og-ruh-fee] /dʒiˈɒg rə fi/
noun, plural geographies.
the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth's surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land use, industries, or states, and of the unit areas formed by the complex of these individual elements.
the study of this science.
the topographical features of a region, usually of the earth, sometimes of the planets.
a book dealing with this science or study, as a textbook.
the arrangement of features of any complex entity:
the geography of the mind.
Origin of geography
1535-45; < Latin geōgraphia < Greek geōgraphía earth description. See geo-, -graphy Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for geographies
Historical Examples
  • His little histories and geographies are delightful for illogical sequence of events and absurd coherence of fancy.

    William Blake Algernon Charles Swinburne
  • His “Navigation” and “geographies” are in popular use in our schools.

  • Central Europe has a very dense population, as the geographies used to tell us; but the densest ones get on the police force.

  • An' can ye see the meridians jammed together like in the geographies?

    The Panchronicon Harold Steele Mackaye
  • All that storms do to the face of the earth you may read in the geographies, but not what they do to our contemporaries.

  • "That's what it's sometimes called in the geographies," Rebecca stiffly replied.

    The Panchronicon Harold Steele Mackaye
  • The children knew that, according to the geographies, there are both gold and silver in New Mexico.

    The Trail Book Mary Austin
  • Readers, geographies, histories, grammars flew in all directions.

    The Adventures of Pinocchio C. Collodi--Pseudonym of Carlo Lorenzini
  • Our geographies designated that country as the Great American Desert.

    Cowley's Talks on Doctrine Matthias F. Cowley
  • Boys' minds are like a certain place not mentioned in geographies: they are paved with good intentions.

    John Bull, Junior Max O'Rell
British Dictionary definitions for geographies


noun (pl) -phies
the study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them
the natural features of a region
an arrangement of constituent parts; plan; layout
Derived Forms
geographer, noun
geographical (ˌdʒɪəˈɡræfɪkəl), geographic, adjective
geographically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for geographies



1540s, from Middle French géographie (15c.), from Latin geographia, from Greek geographia "description of the earth's surface," from geo- "earth" + -graphia "description" (see -graphy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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geographies in Science
  1. The scientific study of the Earth's surface and its various climates, countries, peoples, and natural resources.

  2. The physical characteristics, especially the surface features, of an area.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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