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[jee-og-ruh-fee] /dʒiˈɒg rə fi/
noun, plural geographies.
the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth's surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land use, industries, or states, and of the unit areas formed by the complex of these individual elements.
the study of this science.
the topographical features of a region, usually of the earth, sometimes of the planets.
a book dealing with this science or study, as a textbook.
the arrangement of features of any complex entity:
the geography of the mind.
Origin of geography
1535-45; < Latin geōgraphia < Greek geōgraphía earth description. See geo-, -graphy Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for geography
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • In the geography class which follows Tim has another opportunity of displaying his learning.

    Parkhurst Boys Talbot Baines Reed
  • "Every schoolboy in this country learns that from his geography," I replied.

    Up the River Oliver Optic
  • She studied the geography of the State, and the railroads, and mapped out all the meetings for its twelve speakers.

  • There isn't a geography going that could hold on to it for five minutes.

    The Admiral's Caravan Charles E. Carryl
  • Little girls were not very well up in geography in those days, but they did learn a good deal listening to their elders.

    A Little Girl in Old Boston Amanda Millie Douglas
British Dictionary definitions for geography


noun (pl) -phies
the study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them
the natural features of a region
an arrangement of constituent parts; plan; layout
Derived Forms
geographer, noun
geographical (ˌdʒɪəˈɡræfɪkəl), geographic, adjective
geographically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for geography

1540s, from Middle French géographie (15c.), from Latin geographia, from Greek geographia "description of the earth's surface," from geo- "earth" + -graphia "description" (see -graphy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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geography in Science
  1. The scientific study of the Earth's surface and its various climates, countries, peoples, and natural resources.

  2. The physical characteristics, especially the surface features, of an area.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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