Try Our Apps


The Best Internet Slang


[juh-ruhn-div] /dʒəˈrʌn dɪv/
(in Latin) a verbal adjective similar to the gerund in form and noting the obligation, necessity, or worthiness of the action to be done, as legendus in Liber legendus est, “The book is worth reading.”.
See also gerund (def 1).
resembling a gerund.
See also gerund (def 2).
Origin of gerundive
late Middle English
First recorded in 1375-1425; late Middle English word from Late Latin word gerundīvus. See gerund, -ive
Related forms
[jer-uh n-dahy-vuh l] /ˌdʒɛr ənˈdaɪ vəl/ (Show IPA),
gerundively, adverb
nongerundive, adjective
nongerundively, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
Cite This Source
Examples from the Web for gerundive
Historical Examples
  • This gerundive use of the infinitive is very common in this play.

  • Lovely, with a show of insouciance, bagged three gerunds and one gerundive.

    The Varmint Owen Johnson
  • Well, if you have, how are you going to spot the gerund and the gerundive?

    The Varmint Owen Johnson
  • In negative sentences the gerundive often conveys this idea of possibility.

    Selections from Viri Romae Charles Franois L'Homond
  • For the gerundive as the equivalent of the Gerund, see 339, 1.

    New Latin Grammar Charles E. Bennett
  • This construction is especially frequent with phrases consisting of a gerundive and a noun.

    Selections from Viri Romae Charles Franois L'Homond
  • The gerundive with esse denotes either physical necessity (must), or moral obligation (ought).

    Selections from Viri Romae Charles Franois L'Homond
  • "gerundive, sir," said P. Lentz promptly, observing Stover's ears in a state of revolution.

    The Varmint Owen Johnson
British Dictionary definitions for gerundive


(in Latin grammar) an adjective formed from a verb, expressing the desirability of the activity denoted by the verb
of or relating to the gerund or gerundive
Derived Forms
gerundival (ˌdʒɛrənˈdaɪvəl) adjective
gerundively, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Late Latin gerundīvus, from gerundiumgerund
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for gerundive

early 15c., from Latin gerundivus (modus), from gerundium (see gerund).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for gerundive

Few English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for gerundive

Scrabble Words With Friends

Nearby words for gerundive