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2017 Word of the Year

given

[giv-uh n] /ˈgɪv ən/
verb
1.
past participle of give.
adjective
2.
stated, fixed, or specified:
at a given time.
3.
addicted or disposed (often followed by to):
given to making snide remarks.
4.
bestowed as a gift; conferred.
5.
assigned as a basis of calculation, reasoning, etc.:
Given A and B, C follows.
6.
Mathematics. known or independently determined:
a given magnitude.
7.
(on official documents) executed and delivered as of the date shown.
noun
8.
an established fact, condition, factor, etc.
Related forms
self-given, adjective
ungiven, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for givens
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • In the end the rumour drove them from givens, and in this manner.

    Two Sides of the Face Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch
  • givens staked his horse, and spread out his saddle blankets to dry.

  • The "rucus," as givens called it afterward, was brief and somewhat confused.

  • givens and Link were in the dugout, and presently they would return to the cabin.

    The Trail Horde

    Charles Alden Seltzer
  • Link was still on the floor when givens leaped into the cabin.

    The Trail Horde

    Charles Alden Seltzer
British Dictionary definitions for givens

given

/ˈɡɪvən/
verb
1.
the past participle of give
adjective
2.
(postpositive) foll by to. tending (to); inclined or addicted (to)
3.
specific or previously stated
4.
assumed as a premise
5.
(maths) known or determined independently: a given volume
6.
(on official documents) issued or executed, as on a stated date
noun
7.
an assumed fact
8.
(philosophy) the supposed raw data of experience See also sense datum
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for givens

given

past participle adjective, late 14c., "allotted, predestined," from give; also with a noun sense of "fate," reflecting an important concept in pagan Germanic ideology (Old English had giefeðe in this sense). The modern sense of "what is given, known facts" is from 1879. Given name (1827) so called because given at baptism.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word Value for givens

10
13
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