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gout

[gout]
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noun
  1. an acute, recurrent disease characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, chiefly those in the feet and hands, and especially in the great toe, and by an excess of uric acid in the blood.
  2. a mass or splash, as of blood; spurt.
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Origin of gout

1250–1300; Middle English goute < Old French < Latin gutta a drop (of fluid); gout in the feet formerly was attributed to drops of a corrupted humor
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for gout

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • His usual panacea of the gout did not come as expected, to set him up again.

  • I have had symptoms of a fit of the gout, and been trying to keep it off by exercise.

    Night and Morning, Complete

    Edward Bulwer-Lytton

  • I am very sorry to hear of your gout, except that it carries off all other complaints.

    Night and Morning, Complete

    Edward Bulwer-Lytton

  • The knight grimaced ruefully, and begged Robin to think of his gout.

    Maid Marian

    Thomas Love Peacock

  • My father's got a slight touch of the gout, and is kept at home by it.'

    Little Dorrit

    Charles Dickens


British Dictionary definitions for gout

gout

noun
  1. a metabolic disease characterized by painful inflammation of certain joints, esp of the big toe and foot, caused by deposits of sodium urate in them
  2. archaic a drop or splash, esp of blood
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Derived Formsgouty, adjectivegoutily, adverbgoutiness, noun

Word Origin

C13: from Old French goute gout (thought to result from drops of humours), from Latin gutta a drop

goût

noun
  1. taste or good taste
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for gout

n.

c.1200, from Old French gote (10c., Modern French goutte) "gout; drop," from Latin gutta "a drop," in Medieval Latin "gout," of unknown origin. The disease was thought to be caused by drops of viscous humors seeping from the blood into the joints, which turned out to be close to the modern scientific view.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

gout in Medicine

gout

(gout)
n.
  1. An inherited disorder of uric-acid metabolism occurring predominantly in men, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, especially of the feet and hands, and arthritic attacks resulting from elevated levels of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urate crystals around the joints. The condition can become chronic and result in deformity.
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Related formsgouty adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

gout in Science

gout

[gout]
  1. An inherited disorder of uric acid metabolism occurring predominantly in men, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints. Elevated levels of uric acid in the blood result in deposition of crystals of uric acid salts (known as urates) around the joints, causing arthritis. The condition can become chronic and result in deformity.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

gout in Culture

gout

[(gowt)]

A disorder of metabolism characterized by attacks of painful inflammation in the joints, particularly those of the feet and hands. The inflammation is caused by the deposition of crystals of uric acid in the joints. Gout occurs most often in middle-aged men. The tendency toward developing gout is inherited. Stress, fatigue, or excessive exercise are among the factors that can bring on an attack.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.