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graben

[grah-buh n] /ˈgrɑ bən/
noun
1.
a portion of the earth's crust, bounded on at least two sides by faults, that has dropped downward in relation to adjacent portions.
Also called rift valley.
Compare horst.
Origin of graben
1895-1900
1895-1900; < German: ditch
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for graben
Historical Examples
  • Stafforth escorted Wilhelmine to his coach, which waited to convey her to the house in the graben.

    A German Pompadour Marie Hay
  • It is no moat, no graben, that is now being dug, but a grave—a Grab.

  • The beautiful “graben” and Horse-market once more excited my admiration.

    Visit to Iceland Ida Pfeiffer
  • "That old tree with the iron hoop around it, at the corner of the graben," replied her companion.

    Our Little Austrian Cousin Florence E. Mendel
  • The depression is probably a “graben” or trough formed by faulting.

  • Lately up have I them graben, and likewise his tutelar Sphynx have found, and have even to give signs of animation compelled.'

    The Two Sides of the Shield Charlotte M. Yonge
  • Cannon were in position on the Stephan's Platz and the graben, and the gunners stood ready, as if on parade.

    The Daltons, Volume II (of II) Charles James Lever
  • The shoemaker's shop is in the "Stadt" in the Spiegelgasse, in front when coming from the graben.

  • The district, too, was less formidable than the neighborhood of the Karntnerstrasse and the graben.

    The Street of Seven Stars Mary Roberts Rinehart
  • Every one seemed as joyous and carefree as on the graben in Vienna on a sunny spring Sunday in times of undisturbed peace.

    Men in War Andreas Latzko
British Dictionary definitions for graben

graben

/ˈɡrɑːbən/
noun
1.
an elongated trough of land produced by subsidence of the earth's crust between two faults
Word Origin
C19: from German, from Old High German graban to dig
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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graben in Science
graben
  (grä'bən)   
A usually elongated block of rock that is bounded by parallel geologic faults along its two longest sides, and has a lower elevation than the rock at its sides. Grabens form where rock is being pulled apart by tectonic forces. The East African Rift Valley is a graben.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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