- a bud, shoot, or scion of a plant inserted in a groove, slit, or the like in a stem or stock of another plant in which it continues to grow.
- the plant resulting from such an operation; the united stock and scion.
- the place where the scion is inserted.
- Surgery. a portion of living tissue surgically transplanted from one part of an individual to another, or from one individual to another, for its adhesion and growth.
- an act of grafting.
- to insert (a graft) into a tree or other plant; insert a scion of (one plant) into another plant.
- to cause (a plant) to reproduce through grafting.
- Surgery. to transplant (a portion of living tissue, as of skin or bone) as a graft.
- to attach as if by grafting: an absurdity grafted onto an otherwise coherent body of thought.
- Nautical. to cover (a rope) with a weaving of rope yarn.
- to insert scions from one plant into another.
- to become grafted.
Origin of graft1
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
- the acquisition of money, gain, or advantage by dishonest, unfair, or illegal means, especially through the abuse of one's position or influence in politics, business, etc.
- a particular instance, method, or means of thus acquiring gain or advantage.
- the gain or advantage acquired.
- British Slang. work; labor.
- to obtain by graft.
- to practice graft.
Origin of graft2
Examples from the Web for graft
The old culture of the Party of Regions—its lack of transparency, the graft and the shady deal making—has returned.East Ukraine: Back in the USSR
November 19, 2014
The country was ranked 144 of 177 nations surveyed by Transparency International in its 2013 graft perception index.Corruption Eats Away at Ukraine Military
October 21, 2014
Ask Americans just a few decades ago (or, indeed, Indians today) and they might say that graft is just how things get done.The Real Story and Lesson of the Abscam Sting in ‘American Hustle’
December 17, 2013
Merely acquiring a mobile-phone account remains an exercise in red tape and graft.Obama Does Delicate Dance on Historic Visit to Burma
November 19, 2012
She supported the creation of watchdogs to look for graft in government, firing those who improperly profited.A Nobel Smackdown in Liberia: Leymah Gbowee vs. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
October 10, 2012
We've built a nation of high finance—and graft—and a rising angry mob.The Harbor
Graft from the full of the Moone, vntill the end of the old.
But commonly, graft at that time of the Winter, when sap beginneth to arise.
In a cold Countrey graft later, and in a warme Countrey earlier.
If you will haue it to be excellent, graft it afterward vpon an Almond tree.
- a piece of plant tissue (the scion), normally a stem, that is made to unite with an established plant (the stock), which supports and nourishes it
- the plant resulting from the union of scion and stock
- the point of union between the scion and the stock
- surgery a piece of tissue or an organ transplanted from a donor or from the patient's own body to an area of the body in need of the tissue
- the act of joining one thing to another by or as if by grafting
- to induce (a plant or part of a plant) to unite with another part or (of a plant or part of a plant) to unite in this way
- to produce (fruit, flowers, etc) by this means or (of fruit, flowers, etc) to grow by this means
- to transplant (tissue) or (of tissue) to be transplanted
- to attach or incorporate or become attached or incorporatedto graft a happy ending onto a sad tale
- work (esp in the phrase hard graft)
- the acquisition of money, power, etc, by dishonest or unfair means, esp by taking advantage of a position of trust
- something gained in this way, such as profit from government business
- a payment made to a person profiting by such a practice
- (intr) to work
- to acquire by or practise graft
Word Origin and History for graft
"shoot inserted into another plant," late 15c. alteration of Middle English graff (late 14c.), from Old French graife "grafting knife, carving tool, stylus," from Latin graphium "stylus," from Greek grapheion "stylus," from graphein "to write" (see -graphy). So called probably on resemblance of a stylus to the pencil-shaped shoots used in grafting. The terminal -t- in the English word is not explained. Surgical sense is from 1871.
"corruption," 1865, perhaps 1859, American English, perhaps from graft (1) via British slang sense of "one's occupation" (1853), which seems to be from the word's original sense of "digging" (see graft (n.1)).
late 15c., from graft (n.1). Related: Grafted; grafting.
- To transplant or implant tissue surgically into a body part to replace a damaged part or compensate for a defect.
- Material, especially living tissue or an organ, surgically attached to or inserted into a body part to replace a damaged part or compensate for a defect.
- The procedure of implanting or transplanting such material.
- The configuration or condition resulting from such a procedure.
- A shoot or bud of one plant that is inserted into or joined to the stem, branch, or root of another plant so that the two grow together as a single plant. Grafts are used to strengthen or repair plants, create dwarf trees, produce seedless fruit, and increase fruit yields without requiring plants to mature from seeds.
- A piece of body tissue that is surgically removed and then transplanted or implanted to replace a damaged part or compensate for a defect. See also allograft autograft and xenograft.
- To join a graft to another plant.
- To transplant or implant a graft.
In politics, the illegal acceptance of bribes by government officials.