An approach to history associated with the nineteenth-century Scottish historian Thomas Carlyle, who declared, “The history of the world is but the biography of great men.” Carlyle argued that heroes shape history through the vision of their intellect, the beauty of their art, the prowess of their leadership, and, most important, their divine inspiration.
Note: Carlyle's theories have generally fallen out of fashion.
In the first place, his philosophy of history rests entirely on “the great man theory.”
But nobody, not even the antisocialists, believes in the 'great man theory' any more.
Out of such partiality has inevitably grown the great man theory of human progression.
She saw that they followed persons not principles, and for ‘the great man theory’ George Sand had no respect.