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[gri-gair-ee-uh s] /grɪˈgɛər i əs/
fond of the company of others; sociable.
living in flocks or herds, as animals.
Botany. growing in open clusters or colonies; not matted together.
pertaining to a flock or crowd.
Origin of gregarious
1660-70; < Latin gregārius belonging to a flock, equivalent to greg- (stem of grex) flock + -ārius -ary
Related forms
gregariously, adverb
gregariousness, noun
nongregarious, adjective
nongregariously, adverb
nongregariousness, noun
ungregarious, adjective
ungregariously, adverb
ungregariousness, noun
1. social, genial, outgoing, convivial, companionable, friendly, extroverted. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for gregariousness
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • And what is the true bond of society as distinguished from gregariousness?

    Modern Skepticism C. J. Ellicott
  • Individuality, effects of solitude and gregariousness upon, 118, 119.

    Ways of Nature John Burroughs
  • For, as Disraeli says in Sybil, gregariousness is not association.

    Anthropology Robert Marett
  • gregariousness was supreme on this day of victory; democracy triumphant.

    My Second Year of the War Frederick Palmer
  • Associated words: gregarious, gregal, gregariously, gregariousness.

    Putnam's Word Book Louis A. Flemming
  • The gregariousness of the pack is variable; probably, amongst wolves, it was much greater anciently than it is to-day.

  • There are conflicting statements about the gregariousness of wolves that have been studied in different countries.

  • It clung together, the gregariousness of humanity not yet winnowed out by degeneration.

    The Devil's Asteroid Manly Wade Wellman
British Dictionary definitions for gregariousness


enjoying the company of others
(of animals) living together in herds or flocks Compare solitary (sense 6)
(of plants) growing close together but not in dense clusters
of, relating to, or characteristic of crowds or communities
Derived Forms
gregariously, adverb
gregariousness, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin gregārius belonging to a flock, from grex flock
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gregariousness



1660s, "living in flocks" (of animals), from Latin gregarius "pertaining to a flock; of the herd, of the common sort, common," from grex (genitive gregis) "flock, herd," reduplication of PIE root *ger- "to gather together, assemble" (cf. Greek ageirein "to assemble," agora "assembly;" Old Church Slavonic grusti "handful;" Lithuanian gurgulys "chaos, confusion," gurguole "crowd, mass"). Sense of "sociable" first recorded 1789. Related: Gregariously; gregariousness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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