- Gustavus AdolphusLion of the North, 1594–1632, king of Sweden 1611–32: national military hero (grandson of Gustavus I).
- Gustavus Adolphus, 1778–1837, king of Sweden 1792–1809 (son of Gustavus III).
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- 1594–1632, king of Sweden (1611–32). A brilliant general, he waged successful wars with Denmark, Russia, and Poland and in the Thirty Years' War led a Protestant army against the Catholic League and the Holy Roman Empire (1630–32). He defeated Tilly at Leipzig (1631) and Lech (1632) but was killed at the battle of Lützen
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