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[gim-nah-zee-uh] /gɪmˈnɑ zi ə/
a plural of gymnasium1 .


[jim-ney-zee-uh, -zhuh] /dʒɪmˈneɪ zi ə, -ʒə/
a plural of gymnasium2 .


[jim-ney-zee-uh m] /dʒɪmˈneɪ zi əm/
noun, plural gymnasiums, gymnasia
[jim-ney-zee-uh, -zhuh] /dʒɪmˈneɪ zi ə, -ʒə/ (Show IPA)
a building or room designed and equipped for indoor sports, exercise, or physical education.
a place where Greek youths met for exercise and discussion.
Origin of gymnasium1
1590-1600; < Latin: a public school for gymnastics < Greek gymnásion gymnastic school (derivative of gymnázein to train in the nude
Related forms
gymnasial, adjective


[gim-nah-zee-uh m] /gɪmˈnɑ zi əm/
noun, plural gymnasiums, gymnasia
[gim-nah-zee-uh] /gɪmˈnɑ zi ə/ (Show IPA)
(often initial capital letter) (in continental Europe, especially Germany) a classical school preparatory to the universities.
1685-95; < German; special use of gymnasium1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for gymnasia
Historical Examples
  • Had you rather witness the sports of the gymnasia than the works of artists?

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • Are not those who train in gymnasia, at first beginning reduced to a state of weakness?

    Laws Plato
  • If he, or she, has greater ambitions, there are gymnasia for boys and high schools for girls.

    Bulgaria Frank Fox
  • The directors of the gymnasia were in reality physicians, and acted as such.

  • Then there are roundabouts uncountable, and gymnasia abundant.

    Mystic London: Charles Maurice Davies
  • Latin is included in the curricula of only about one-half of the gymnasia of Norway.

    The School System of Norway David Allen Anderson
  • The gymnasia are elaborately equipped with exercising apparatus.

    Europe from a Motor Car Russell Richardson
  • I say to myself, Borya's gone to the gymnasia, why's his overcoat here?

  • He had served in his youth as a class assistant in the gymnasia.

    The Created Legend Feodor Sologub
  • Some of them were pupils of the gymnasia, some of the town school.

    The Created Legend Feodor Sologub
British Dictionary definitions for gymnasia


noun (pl) -siums, -sia (-zɪə)
a large room or hall equipped with bars, weights, ropes, etc, for games or physical training
(in various European countries) a secondary school that prepares pupils for university
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: school for gymnastics, from Greek gumnasion, from gumnazein to exercise naked, from gumnos naked
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gymnasia



1590s, "place of exercise," from Latin gymnasium "school for gymnastics," from Greek gymnasion "public place where athletic exercises are practiced; gymnastics school," in plural, "bodily exercises," from gymnazein "to exercise or train," literally or figuratively, literally "to train naked," from gymnos "naked" (see naked). Introduced to German 15c. as a name for "high school" (more or less paralleling a sense in Latin); in English it has remained purely athletic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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