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[hak-uh-mawr, -mohr] /ˈhæk əˌmɔr, -ˌmoʊr/
a simple looped bridle, by means of which controlling pressure is exerted on the nose of a horse, used chiefly in breaking colts.
Western U.S. any of several forms of halter used especially for breaking horses.
Origin of hackamore
1840-50, Americanism; alteration (by folk etymology) of Spanish jáquima headstall < Arabic shaqīmah Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for hackamore
Historical Examples
  • "Wildfire, I got a rope on you—an' a hackamore—an' a blinder," said Slone.

  • Then he put the hackamore on it and took it out to the gate and tied it to the fence.

    Jack the Young Trapper George Bird Grinnell
  • Then with the animal's hackamore in his hand, he mounted and rode to join Hugh.

    Jack the Young Trapper George Bird Grinnell
  • He was already saddled and a hackamore was twisted round his nose.

    Cattle-Ranch to College Russell Doubleday
  • Dade went on tying the hackamore with a haste that might be called anxious.

    The Gringos B. M. Bower
  • I'm going to ride him to-day with a hackamore; and you watch him perform, old man!

    The Gringos B. M. Bower
  • He wore no spurs; and as for Surry, he had no bridle and bit, but a hackamore instead.

    The Gringos B. M. Bower
  • And every summer at home his father added extension courses in the saddle and bridle, spur, hackamore and lariat to his education.

    Laramie Holds the Range

    Frank H. Spearman
  • The rider leaned forward and his hands worked on the head of his mount until the hackamore also came free and was tossed aside.

    The Seventh Man Max Brand
  • "Maybe;" said Antonio, who had just come from the stable carrying on one arm his saddle, blanket, hackamore and quirt.

    Jack, the Young Ranchman

    George Bird Grinnell
British Dictionary definitions for hackamore


(US & NZ) a rope or rawhide halter used for unbroken foals
Word Origin
C19: by folk etymology from Spanish jáquima headstall, from Old Spanish xaquima, from Arabic shaqīmah
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hackamore

halter for breaking horses, 1850, American English, of uncertain origin. OED and Klein suggests a corruption of Spanish jaquima (earlier xaquima) "halter, headstall of a horse," which Klein suggests is from Arabic shakimah "bit of a bridle, curb, restraint."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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