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[hahr-tuh-beest, hahrt-beest] /ˈhɑr təˌbist, ˈhɑrtˌbist/
noun, plural hartebeests (especially collectively) hartebeest.
any large African antelope of the genus Alcelaphus, having ringed horns that curve backward: some species are endangered.
any of several related African antelopes, as certain species of the genus Damaliscus.
Origin of hartebeest
From Afrikaans, dating back to 1780-90; See origin at hart, beast Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for hartebeest
Historical Examples
  • There we had nobler game to follow—wildebeest and hartebeest, impala, and now and then a koodoo.

    Prester John John Buchan
  • They are very fond of hartebeest, zebra, rhino, and especially hippo.

    In Africa John T. McCutcheon
  • "Cokei" is the name given the hartebeest discovered by Coke, and so on.

    In Africa John T. McCutcheon
  • Great numbers of Coke's hartebeest watched us with humorous interest.

    In Africa John T. McCutcheon
  • When we was ridin' after that hartebeest to-day he comes out with it.

    The Blind Lion of the Congo Elliott Whitney
  • "hartebeest, bushbuck and antelope," replied the explorer calmly.

    The Blind Lion of the Congo Elliott Whitney
  • Enormous herds of hartebeest and wildebeest were on each side, and countless zebras.

    In Africa John T. McCutcheon
  • He came upon six hyenas devouring a hartebeest, and brought me its skull and horns.

    Six Months at the Cape R.M. Ballantyne
  • He appeared rather to be running harder that they, as if sent forward to push the hartebeest, while the rest saved their wind.

  • Shy and timid, the hartebeest moved along in herds seldom exceeding ten in number, ever led by some old and cautious buck.

    The Ruined Cities of Zululand Hugh Mulleneux Walmsley
British Dictionary definitions for hartebeest


either of two large African antelopes, Alcelaphus buselaphus or A. lichtensteini, having an elongated muzzle, lyre-shaped horns, and a fawn-coloured coat
any similar and related animal, such as Damaliscus hunteri (Hunter's hartebeest)
Word Origin
C18: via Afrikaans from Dutch; see hart, beast
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hartebeest

1786, from Afrikaans, from Dutch hertebeest "antelope," from hert "hart" (see hart) + beest "beast, ox" (in S.African Dutch "steer, cattle"), from Middle Dutch beeste, from Old French beste "beast" (see beast).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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