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90s Slang You Should Know


[haz-erd] /ˈhæz ərd/
an unavoidable danger or risk, even though often foreseeable:
The job was full of hazards.
something causing unavoidable danger, peril, risk, or difficulty:
the many hazards of the big city.
the absence or lack of predictability; chance; uncertainty:
There is an element of hazard in the execution of the most painstaking plans.
Golf. a bunker, sand trap, or the like, constituting an obstacle.
the uncertainty of the result in throwing a die.
a game played with two dice, an earlier and more complicated form of craps.
Court Tennis. any of the winning openings.
(in English billiards) a stroke by which the player pockets the object ball (winning hazard) or his or her own ball after contact with another ball (losing hazard)
verb (used with object)
to offer (a statement, conjecture, etc.) with the possibility of facing criticism, disapproval, failure, or the like; venture:
He hazarded a guess, with trepidation, as to her motives in writing the article.
to put to the risk of being lost; expose to risk:
In making the investment, he hazarded all his savings.
to take or run the risk of (a misfortune, penalty, etc.):
Thieves hazard arrest.
to venture upon (anything of doubtful issue):
to hazard a dangerous encounter.
at hazard, at risk; at stake; subject to chance:
His reputation was at hazard in his new ventures.
Origin of hazard
1250-1300; Middle English hasard < Old French, perhaps < Arabic al-zahr the die
Related forms
hazardable, adjective
hazarder, noun
hazardless, adjective
prehazard, adjective
unhazarded, adjective
unhazarding, adjective
well-hazarded, adjective
3. accident, fortuity, fortuitousness. 10. stake, endanger, peril, imperil.
1. safety.
Synonym Study
1. See danger. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for hazard
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • For the same reason, there is the element of hazard in sowing it too early in the spring.

  • For ourselves, we may be ready to run the hazard; but are we ready to carry the country to that length?

    America First Various
  • If you can't do the brilliant thing, and finish the game with an eight stroke, do the safe one,—the cannon or the hazard.

    That Boy Of Norcott's Charles James Lever
  • It came back; and then, without any fixed plan or direction, wandered about at hazard.

    Madame Bovary Gustave Flaubert
  • An author places himself uncalled before the tribunal of criticism, and solicits fame at the hazard of disgrace.

British Dictionary definitions for hazard


exposure or vulnerability to injury, loss, evil, etc
at hazard, at risk; in danger
a thing likely to cause injury, etc
(golf) an obstacle such as a bunker, a road, rough, water, etc
chance; accident (esp in the phrase by hazard)
a gambling game played with two dice
(real tennis)
  1. the receiver's side of the court
  2. one of the winning openings
(billiards) a scoring stroke made either when a ball other than the striker's is pocketed (winning hazard) or the striker's cue ball itself (losing hazard)
verb (transitive)
to chance or risk
to venture (an opinion, guess, etc)
to expose to danger
Derived Forms
hazardable, adjective
hazard-free, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French hasard, from Arabic az-zahr the die
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hazard

c.1300, from Old French hasard, hasart (12c.) "game of chance played with dice," possibly from Spanish azar "an unfortunate card or throw at dice," which is said to be from Arabic az-zahr (for al-zahr) "the die." But this is doubtful because of the absence of zahr in classical Arabic dictionaries. Klein suggests Arabic yasara "he played at dice;" Arabic -s- regularly becomes Spanish -z-. The -d was added in French in confusion with the native suffix -ard. Sense evolved in French to "chances in gambling," then "chances in life." In English, sense of "chance of loss or harm, risk" first recorded 1540s.


"put something at stake in a game of chance," 1520s, from Middle French hasarder "to play at gambling" (15c.), from hasard (see hazard (n.)). Related: Hazarded; hazarding.


"put something at stake in a game of chance," 1520s, from Middle French hasarder "to play at gambling" (15c.), from hasard (see hazard (n.)). Related: Hazarded; hazarding.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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