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[hij-ruh] /ˈhɪdʒ rə/
noun, (in South Asia, especially India)
a person whose gender identity is neither male nor female, typically a person who was born male and dresses as a woman.
a person who is transgender or is transitioning to another gender.
Origin of hijra
< Hindi: eunuch, hermaphrodite


[hij-ruh] /ˈhɪdʒ rə/
noun, (sometimes lowercase) Islam.
the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution a.d. 622: regarded as the beginning of the Muslim Era.
the Muslim Era itself.
Also, Hegira, Hijrah.
< Arabic hijrah flight, departure Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for hijra
Historical Examples
  • In the first half of the second year of the hijra the breach between them was complete.

    The Faith of Islam Edward Sell
  • The two sects founded by Sur and Zahar became extinct in the eighth century of the hijra.

    The Faith of Islam Edward Sell
  • The earliest reference to Omar Khayyam dates from the middle of the seventh century of the hijra.

  • But towards the close of the second century of the hijra, this earlier mysticism developed into Sfism.

    The Faith of Islam Edward Sell
  • In the second year of the hijra, or flight from Mecca, it was ordained that the month of Ramazn should be kept as a fast.

    The Faith of Islam Edward Sell
  • After the third century of the hijra, the Cufic was only retained for ornamentation and head-lines.

    Palaeography Bernard Quaritch
  • They are of a much later date, the last one, indeed, having been compiled more than four hundred years after the hijra.

    The Faith of Islam Edward Sell
  • The emasculation is a secret rite and takes place under the direction of the chief hijra priest of Behechra.

  • And one step taken in that direction was to assign to the Hindu year the same number with the hijra year.

British Dictionary definitions for hijra


(in India) a person who adopts a gender role that is neither male nor female
Word Origin
Urdu: eunuch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hijra

also hijrah, the more correct form of hegira.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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