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[hop] /hɒp/
any twining plant of the genus Humulus, bearing male flowers in loose clusters and female flowers in conelike forms.
hops, the dried ripe cones of the female flowers of this plant, used in brewing, medicine, etc.
Older Slang. a narcotic drug, especially opium.
verb (used with object), hopped, hopping.
to treat or flavor with hops.
Verb phrases
hop up, Slang.
  1. to excite; make enthusiastic:
    They hopped the crowd up with fiery speeches.
  2. to add to the power of:
    The kids hopped up the motor of their jalopy.
  3. to stimulate by narcotics.
Origin of hop2
late Middle English
1400-50; late Middle English hoppe < Middle Dutch hoppe (Dutch hop); cognate with Old High German hopfo (German Hopfen) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for hop up
Historical Examples
  • Shirley began to hop up and down with anger and began to cry.

    Rosemary Josephine Lawrence
  • hop up on that log side of your Cousin Whitefoot, where all can see you.

  • The young bantam did hop up, and they were soon on their way to the school.

  • hop up the stairs there and you'll find One South dormitory.

    King of Ranleigh

    F. S. (Frederick Sadlier) Brereton
  • Every fifteen minutes I hop up to feed in some coal and prod the fires.

    Red Dynamite Roy J. Snell
  • And with that I made a hop up to the glass to look at myself closer.

    Sheppard Lee, Vol. I (of 2) Robert Montgomery Bird
  • She walked right into our house and came in a hop up by the dye-blue water.

    The Story of Opal Opal Whiteley
  • Then it began to hop up and down, retreating and advancing, in time to the music.

    The Serf Guy Thorne
  • Some man is always ready to hop up and declare that his mother is a woman.

  • They could not move in the trench, so when they wanted to move they had to hop up and move outside of it.

    Letters from France

    C. E. W. Bean
British Dictionary definitions for hop up


verb hops, hopping, hopped
(intransitive) to make a jump forwards or upwards, esp on one foot
(intransitive) (esp of frogs, birds, rabbits, etc) to move forwards in short jumps
(transitive) to jump over: he hopped the hedge
(intransitive) (informal) to move or proceed quickly (in, on, out of, etc): hop on a bus
(transitive) (informal) to cross (an ocean) in an aircraft: they hopped the Atlantic in seven hours
(transitive) (US & Canadian, informal) to travel by means of (an aircraft, bus, etc): he hopped a train to Chicago
(US & Canadian) to bounce or cause to bounce: he hopped the flat stone over the lake's surface
(intransitive) (US & Canadian, informal) to begin intense activity, esp work
(intransitive) another word for limp1
(Brit, slang) hop it, hop off, to go away
the act or an instance of hopping
(old-fashioned, informal) a dance, esp one at which popular music is played: we're all going to the school hop tonight
(informal) a trip, esp in an aircraft
(US) a bounce, as of a ball
(informal) on the hop
  1. active or busy
  2. (Brit) unawares or unprepared: the new ruling caught me on the hop
See also hop into
Word Origin
Old English hoppian; related to Old Norse hoppa to hop, Middle Low German hupfen


any climbing plant of the N temperate genus Humulus, esp H. lupulus, which has green conelike female flowers and clusters of small male flowers: family Cannabiaceae (or Cannabidaceae) See also hops
hop garden, a field of hops
(obsolete, slang) opium or any other narcotic drug
Word Origin
C15: from Middle Dutch hoppe; related to Old High German hopfo, Norwegian hupp tassel
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hop up



Old English hoppian "to spring, leap, dance," from Proto-Germanic *hupnojanan (cf. Old Norse hoppa, Dutch huppen, German hüpfen "to hop"). Related: Hopped; hopping.



usually hops, type of twining vine whose cones are used in brewing, etc., mid-15c., from Middle Dutch hoppe, from Proto-Germanic *hup-nan- (cf. Old Saxon -hoppo, German Hopfen), of unknown origin.



"opium," 1887, from Cantonese nga-pin (pronounced HAH-peen) "opium," a Chinese folk etymology of the English word opium, literally "crow peelings." Re-folk-etymologized back into English by association with hop (n.1).



"a small jump," c.1500, from hop (v.). Slang sense of "informal dancing party" is from 1731 (defined by Johnson as "a place where meaner people dance"). Meaning "short flight on an aircraft" is from 1909.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for hop up

hop up

verb phrase

  1. To administer narcotics: He hopped himself up on heroin (1940s+ Narcotics)
  2. To drug a horse for speed; dope: to hop up or slow down their horses (1940s+ Horse racing)
  3. To increase the speed and power of a car; soup up: How to Hop Up Chevrolet and GMC Engines (1940s+)

hop 1


  1. A dance or dancing party: We went to a hop (1731+)
  2. A hotel desk porter; bellhop: The hop was tall and thin (1940s+)
  3. A trip; stage of a journey; airplane flight: a long hop to Singapore (1909+)
  4. A beer: a hop with those quesadillas


  1. : They hopped over to Brussels
  2. To board: to hop a plane (1909+)

Related Terms

carhop, seagoing bellhop, sock hop, table-hop

hop 2


: a hop fiend/ hop dream


  1. Opium: So long as any smoker can obtain his hop (1887+ Narcotics)
  2. Any narcotic; dope: A little hop or dope was slipped to an anxious prisoner (1898+ Narcotics)

[fr a shortening of Cantonese Chinese nga pin, pronounced HAH peen, ''opium,'' literally ''crow peelings,'' a Chinese folk etymology for English opium; in a subsequent US folk etymology this was changed to hop by assimilation with the plant used to make beer, with its suggestions of intoxication]

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with hop up

hop up

see: hopped up


In addition to the idioms beginning with
also see:
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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