salvation. (1.) The original name of the son of Nun, afterwards called Joshua (Num. 13:8, 16; Deut. 32:44). (2.) 1 Chr. 27:20. The ruler of Ephraim in David's time. (3.) The last king of Israel. He conspired against and slew his predecessor, Pekah (Isa. 7:16), but did not ascend the throne till after an interregnum of warfare of eight years (2 Kings 17:1, 2). Soon after this he submitted to Shalmaneser, the Assyrian king, who a second time invaded the land to punish Hoshea, because of his withholding tribute which he had promised to pay. A second revolt brought back the Assyrian king Sargon, who besieged Samaria, and carried the ten tribes away beyond the Euphrates, B.C. 720 (2 Kings 17:5, 6; 18:9-12). No more is heard of Hoshea. He disappeared like "foam upon the water" (Hos. 10:7; 13:11).
Tiglath-Pileser expressly says that he himself slew Pekah and appointed hoshea.
hoshea therefore ascended the throne in 730, Hezekiah in 728 B.C.
hoshea did not await his coming, but went to meet him, offering surrender and gifts of allegiance.
hoshea reigned over the remainder from the year 734 (p. 48).
hoshea commenced the secession264 by withdrawing the yearly tribute, and Phœnicia followed suit.
Shalmaneser, however, was well informed, and made hoshea a prisoner.
hoshea appears at first to have refused the crown of thorns, and there was no one else who could lay claim to sovereignty.
hoshea, who, after an anarchy of eight years, obtains possession of the throne.
This was probably written as late as the reign of hoshea, 730 B.C.
Menahem and hoshea bought the confirmation of their usurped authority from Assyria.