They were evidently closely akin to the Hupa in both language and culture.
There are four sources of consequence for the Hupa population.
Pipe (tobacco), schandúh-Hupa (Hupa short and low, without emphasis).
The Hupa Indians are very typical of the culture area to which they belong.
The lower Trinity River, showing the locations of Hupa villages.
The Hupa Indians used the leaves for making twine and rope for their nets and snares.
We may accept from these data the value 4.5 as representing the mean house count for villages outside Hupa Valley proper.
Hupa—Men: Robe, and waist-garment on occasion, moccasins (rarely); men frequently and old men generally went entirely naked.
There are known to be salmon in South Fork, and presumably they go up as far as the border of Hupa territory.
In the north, the Chilula and Whilkut occupy almost entirely different areas and the Hupa have been divided into two subgroups.