- chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water.
Origin of hydrolysis
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Examples from the Web for hydrolysis
What are the products of hydrolysis when stannic chloride is used as a mordant?An Elementary Study of Chemistry
Cellobiose is a disaccharide which results from the hydrolysis of cellulose.
On hydrolysis, it yields glucose, arabinose, and d-mandelo nitrile.
Glycerine is also prepared from fats by hydrolysis with superheated steam.
It aids in the hydrolysis of the starch for the use of the growing embryo.
- a chemical reaction in which a compound reacts with water to produce other compounds
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for hydrolysis
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- Decomposition of a chemical compound by reaction with water, such as the dissociation of a dissolved salt or the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- The reaction of water with another chemical compound to form two or more products, involving the ionization of the water molecule and usually splitting the other compound. The proteins, fats, and complex carbohydrates in food are broken down in the body by hydrolysis that is catalyzed by enzymes in the digestive tract.
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