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hysteresis

[his-tuh-ree-sis]
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noun Physics.
  1. the lag in response exhibited by a body in reacting to changes in the forces, especially magnetic forces, affecting it.Compare magnetic hysteresis.
  2. the phenomenon exhibited by a system, often a ferromagnetic or imperfectly elastic material, in which the reaction of the system to changes is dependent upon its past reactions to change.

Origin of hysteresis

1795–1805; < Greek hystérēsis deficiency, state of being behind or late, hence inferior, equivalent to hysterē-, variant stem of hystereîn to come late, lag behind, verbal derivative of hýsteros coming behind + -sis -sis
Related formshys·ter·et·ic [his-tuh-ret-ik] /ˌhɪs təˈrɛt ɪk/, hys·ter·e·si·al [his-tuh-ree-see-uh l] /ˌhɪs təˈri si əl/, adjectivehys·ter·et·i·cal·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for hysteresis

Historical Examples

  • Like Newton and the falling apple, Levy and the hysteresis in the warp field.

    Planet of the Damned

    Harry Harrison

  • This is the phenomenon called later "hysteresis," and studied in minute detail by Ewing and others.

    Lord Kelvin

    Andrew Gray

  • The life warmth of hysteresis pulsed and throbbed along wires and channels.

  • The hysteresis losses in iron are so great that an iron core, even if finely subdivided, is heated in an incredibly short time.

  • But if such is the case I attribute it solely to the hysteresis and Foucault current losses in the core.


British Dictionary definitions for hysteresis

hysteresis

noun
  1. physics the lag in a variable property of a system with respect to the effect producing it as this effect varies, esp the phenomenon in which the magnetic flux density of a ferromagnetic material lags behind the changing external magnetic field strength
Derived Formshysteretic (ˌhɪstəˈrɛtɪk), adjectivehysteretically, adverb

Word Origin

C19: from Greek husterēsis coming late, from husteros coming after
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hysteresis

n.

1805, from Greek hysteresis "a coming short, a deficiency."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

hysteresis in Medicine

hysteresis

(hĭs′tə-rēsĭs)
n. pl. hys•ter•e•ses (-sēz)
  1. The lagging of an effect behind its cause, as when the change in magnetism of a body lags behind changes in the magnetic field.
Related formshys′ter•etic (-rĕtĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

hysteresis in Science

hysteresis

[hĭs′tə-rēsĭs]
  1. The dependence of the state of a system on the history of its state. For example, the magnetization of a material such as iron depends not only on the magnetic field it is exposed to but on previous exposures to magnetic fields. This “memory” of previous exposure to magnetism is the working principle in audio tape and hard disk devices. Deformations in the shape of substances that last after the deforming force has been removed, as well as phenomena such as supercooling, are examples of hysteresis.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.