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2017 Word of the Year

ikon

[ahy-kon] /ˈaɪ kɒn/
noun
1.
icon (defs 1, 2).
Can be confused
icon, ikon.

icon

[ahy-kon] /ˈaɪ kɒn/
noun
1.
a picture, image, or other representation.
2.
Eastern Church. a representation of some sacred personage, as Christ or a saint or angel, painted usually on a wood surface and venerated itself as sacred.
3.
a sign or representation that stands for its object by virtue of a resemblance or analogy to it:
an icon of womanhood.
4.
a person or thing that is revered or idolized:
Elvis Presley is a cultural icon of the 20th century.
5.
Computers. a picture or symbol that appears on a monitor and is used to represent a command, as a file drawer to represent filing.
6.
Semiotics. a sign or representation that stands for its object by virtue of a resemblance or analogy to it.
Also, ikon, eikon (for defs 1, 2)
Origin of icon
1565-1575
1565-75; < Latin < Greek eikṓn likeness, image, figure
Can be confused
icon, ikon.
Synonyms
2. See image.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for ikon
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Sophia lay upon the bare floor beneath the ikon, fast asleep.

    The Genius

    Margaret Horton Potter
  • A bit of fish, too, fried, sir—even if it was only them ikon Sammy Langs.

    Trapped by Malays George Manville Fenn
  • Or I see the ikon is out of order, and I set it to rights, or pour in some oil.

    A Family of Noblemen Mikhal Saltykov
  • He rose hastily from his seat, faced the ikon and began to pray.

    A Family of Noblemen Mikhal Saltykov
  • Yudushka rose from his seat, faced the ikon and offered up a prayer.

    A Family of Noblemen Mikhal Saltykov
  • Almost all of them had a cross on the chest, or an ikon in hand.

    Human Bullets Tadayoshi Sakurai
  • Often, indeed usually, an ikon of the Virgin now occupies the sacred corner.

    The Story of Moscow Wirt Gerrare
  • The plan was to burn the ikon and to sell the precious stones with which it was covered.

    The Created Legend Feodor Sologub
  • He took his ikon from his breast, kissed it, and bent his head over it a moment.

    The North Pacific Willis Boyd Allen
British Dictionary definitions for ikon

ikon

/ˈaɪkɒn/
noun
1.
a variant spelling of icon

icon

/ˈaɪkɒn/
noun
1.
Also ikon. a representation of Christ, the Virgin Mary, or a saint, esp one painted in oil on a wooden panel, depicted in a traditional Byzantine style and venerated in the Eastern Church
2.
an image, picture, representation, etc
3.
a person or thing regarded as a symbol of a belief, nation, community, or cultural movement
4.
a person regarded as a sex symbol or as a symbol of the latest fashion trends
5.
a pictorial representation of a facility available on a computer system, that enables the facility to be activated by means of a screen cursor rather than by a textual instruction
Word Origin
C16: from Latin, from Greek eikōn image, from eikenai to be like
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ikon

icon

n.

also ikon, 1570s, "image, figure, representation," from Late Latin icon, from Greek eikon "likeness, image, portrait," related to eikenai "be like, look like," of unknown origin. Eastern Church sense is attested from 1833. Computing sense first recorded 1982.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ikon in Science
icon
  (ī'kŏn')   
In a graphical user interface, a picture on the screen that represents a specific file, directory, window, or program. Clicking on an icon will start the associated program or open the associated file, directory, or window.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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ikon in Culture

icon definition


An image used in worship in the Eastern Orthodox Church and among other Christians of similar traditions. Icons depict Jesus, Mary, and the saints, usually in a severe, symbolic, nonrealistic way.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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8
9
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