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2017 Word of the Year

imbecile

[im-buh-sil, -suh l or, esp. British, -seel] /ˈɪm bə sɪl, -səl or, esp. British, -ˌsil/
noun
1.
Informal. a dunce; blockhead; dolt:
Don't stand there like an imbecile. Open the door!.
2.
Psychology. (no longer in technical use; now considered offensive) a person of the second order in a former and discarded classification of mental retardation, above the level of idiocy, having a mental age of seven or eight years and an intelligence quotient of 25 to 50.
adjective
3.
Informal. stupid; silly; absurd.
4.
Usually Offensive. showing mental feebleness or incapacity.
5.
Archaic. weak or feeble.
Origin of imbecile
1540-1550
1540-50; earlier imbecill < Latin imbēcillus weak; -ile replacing -ill by confusion with suffix -ile
Related forms
imbecilic, adjective
imbecilely, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for imbecile
Historical Examples
  • I do not know whose heads are criminal, but I think I know whose are imbecile.

    Alarms and Discursions G. K. Chesterton
  • The imbecile baron then got out; his shoulder was out of joint.

    My Double Life Sarah Bernhardt
  • A man, aged 22, the son of an inebriate, with one imbecile sister.

    The Sexual Question August Forel
  • He spent a whole evening measuring this imbecile's facial angle.

  • He flew into a passion, disowned his discovery, and called himself an imbecile.

    Doctor Pascal Emile Zola
  • To say that Columbus felt sure that he saw a light is to pronounce him an imbecile.

  • He did not answer, but the other imbecile, Josiah, answered for him.

    Fair Harbor

    Joseph Crosby Lincoln
  • In the year 1805, it is said, every legitimate monarch in Europe was imbecile.

    Essays, Second Series Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • She is there still, little better than an imbecile, I regret to say, and with no hope of recovery.

    The Missionary George Griffith
  • The President was represented as an imbecile, utterly devoid of statesmanship.

British Dictionary definitions for imbecile

imbecile

noun (ˈɪmbɪˌsiːl; -ˌsaɪl)
1.
(psychol) a person of very low intelligence (IQ of 25 to 50), usually capable only of guarding himself against danger and of performing simple mechanical tasks under supervision
2.
(informal) an extremely stupid person; dolt
adjective
3.
of or like an imbecile; mentally deficient; feeble-minded
4.
stupid or senseless: an imbecile thing to do
Derived Forms
imbecilely, imbecilically, adverb
imbecility, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin imbēcillus feeble (physically or mentally)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for imbecile
adj.

1540s, imbecille "weak, feeble" (especially in reference to the body), from Middle French imbecile (15c.), from Latin imbecillus "weak, feeble" (see imbecility). Sense shifted to mental weakness from mid-18c. As a noun, "feeble-minded person," it is attested from 1802. Traditionally an adult with a mental age of roughly 6 to 9 (above an idiot but beneath a moron).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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imbecile in Medicine

imbecile im·be·cile (ĭm'bə-sĭl, -səl)
n.
A person of moderate to severe mental retardation having a mental age of from three to seven years and generally being capable of some degree of communication and performance of simple tasks under supervision. The term belongs to a classification system no longer in use and is now considered offensive.


im'be·cil'i·ty (-sĭl'ĭ·tē) n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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