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improvised

[im-pruh-vahyzd] /ˈɪm prəˌvaɪzd/
adjective
1.
made or said without previous preparation:
an improvised skit.
Origin of improvised
1830-1840
First recorded in 1830-40; improvise + -ed2
Related forms
improvisedly
[im-pruh-vahy-zid-lee] /ˌɪm prəˈvaɪ zɪd li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
unimprovised, adjective
well-improvised, adjective
Synonyms
unpremeditated, unrehearsed, unprepared. See extemporaneous.
Antonyms
rehearsed.

improvise

[im-pruh-vahyz] /ˈɪm prəˌvaɪz/
verb (used with object), improvised, improvising.
1.
to compose and perform or deliver without previous preparation; extemporize:
to improvise an acceptance speech.
2.
to compose, play, recite, or sing (verse, music, etc.) on the spur of the moment.
3.
to make, provide, or arrange from whatever materials are readily available:
We improvised a dinner from yesterday's leftovers.
verb (used without object), improvised, improvising.
4.
to compose, utter, execute, or arrange anything extemporaneously:
When the actor forgot his lines he had to improvise.
Origin
1820-30; < French improviser, or its source, Italian improvisare (later improvvisare), verbal derivative of improviso improvised < Latin imprōvīsus, equivalent to im- im-2 + prōvīsus past participle of prōvidēre to see beforehand, prepare, provide for (a future circumstance). See proviso
Related forms
improviser, improvisor, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for improvised
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He assisted the Leopard Woman to this improvised couch and laid her upon it.

    The Leopard Woman Stewart Edward White
  • He realized then his fortune in finding this improvised cave-house.

    The Rock of Chickamauga Joseph A. Altsheler
  • Rossini improvised the most delightful harmony, which filled me with emotion.

    My Double Life Sarah Bernhardt
  • An improvised litter was just being borne along by two workmen.

    My Double Life Sarah Bernhardt
  • Goliah, who could not stir a finger, bent his eyes on his improvised defender.

    The Downfall Emile Zola
British Dictionary definitions for improvised

improvise

/ˈɪmprəˌvaɪz/
verb
1.
to perform or make quickly from materials and sources available, without previous planning
2.
to perform (a poem, play, piece of music, etc), composing as one goes along
Derived Forms
improviser, noun
Word Origin
C19: from French, from Italian improvvisare, from Latin imprōvīsus unforeseen, from im- (not) + prōvīsus, from prōvidēre to foresee; see provide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for improvised

improvise

v.

1826, back-formation from improvisation, or else from French improviser (17c.), from Italian improvisare "to sing or speak extempore," from improviso, from Latin improvisus "unforeseen, unexpected" (see improvisation). Or possibly a back-formation from improvisation. Related: Improvised; improvising.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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