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[soop] /sup/
a liquid food made by boiling or simmering meat, fish, or vegetables with various added ingredients.
Slang. a thick fog.
Slang. added power, especially horsepower.
Slang. nitroglycerin.
Photography Slang. developing solution.
Verb phrases
soup up, Slang.
  1. to improve the capacity for speed or increase the efficiency of (a motor or engine) by increasing the richness of the fuel mixture or the efficiency of the fuel, or by adjusting the engine.
  2. to give spirit or vivacity to; enliven:
    a political rally souped up by the appearance of the candidates.
from soup to nuts,
  1. from the first through the last course of a meal.
  2. from beginning to end; to a complete, encompassing degree; leaving nothing out.
in the soup, Informal. in trouble:
He'll be in the soup when the truth comes out.
Origin of soup
1645-55; 1940-45 for def 6; < French soupe, Old French souppe, sope < Germanic; compare Dutch sopen to dunk. See sop
Related forms
soupless, adjective
souplike, adjective
1. broth, stock, potage. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for in the soup


a liquid food made by boiling or simmering meat, fish, vegetables, etc, usually served hot at the beginning of a meal
(informal) a photographic developer
(informal) anything resembling soup in appearance or consistency, esp thick fog See also peasouper
a slang name for nitroglycerine
(informal) in the soup, in trouble or difficulties
Word Origin
C17: from Old French soupe, from Late Latin suppa, of Germanic origin; compare Middle High German suppe, Old Norse soppa soup
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for in the soup



"liquid food," 1650s, from French soupe "soup, broth" (13c.), from Late Latin suppa "bread soaked in broth," from a Germanic source (cf. Middle Dutch sop "sop, broth"), from Proto-Germanic *sup-, from PIE *sub-, from root *seue- (2) "to take liquid" (see sup (v.2)).

Primordial soup is from a concept first expressed 1929 by J.B.S. Haldane. Soup to nuts "everything" is from 1910. Soup-kitchen, "public establishment supported by voluntary contributions, for preparing and serving soup to the poor at no cost" is attested from 1839. In Ireland, souper meant "Protestant clergyman seeking to make proselytes by dispensing soup in charity" (1854).



"increase the horsepower of an engine," 1921, probably from soup (n.) in slang sense of "narcotic injected into horses to make them run faster" (1911), influenced by supercharge (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for in the soup

in the soup

adverb phrase

In trouble; in peril; in deep doo-doo: He'd better clear this one fast or he's in the soup/ Maybe that's why I'm in this soup to begin with/ Jeeves cocks an eyebrow, and Bertie knows he's in the soup ( first form 1888+, second mid1800s+)



  1. Nitroglycerine; nitro (1902+)
  2. Fuel, esp that used in fast cars, airplanes, etc (1940s+)
  3. The foamy part of a wave: a big wave with lots of soup, or white water (1962+ Surfers)
  4. Developing fluid or bath (1929+ Photography)


  1. soup up (1940s+)
  2. : I had the lab soup my test roll normal, and the first frame was perfect

Related Terms

duck soup, in the soup, jerkwater, laughing soup, pea soup

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with in the soup

in the soup

In trouble, as in She mailed all the checks with the wrong postage, and now she's really in the soup. [ ; late 1800s ]


In addition to the idiom beginning with
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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