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2017 Word of the Year

include

[in-klood] /ɪnˈklud/
verb (used with object), included, including.
1.
to contain, as a whole does parts or any part or element:
The package includes the computer, program, disks, and a manual.
2.
to place in an aggregate, class, category, or the like.
3.
to contain as a subordinate element; involve as a factor.
Origin of include
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English < Latin inclūdere to shut in, equivalent to in- in-2 + -clūdere, combining form of claudere to shut (cf. close)
Related forms
includable, includible, adjective
preinclude, verb (used with object), preincluded, preincluding.
reinclude, verb (used with object), reincluded, reincluding.
unincludable, adjective
unincludible, adjective
Synonyms
1. embody. Include, comprehend, comprise, embrace imply containing parts of a whole. To include is to contain as a part or member, or among the parts and members, of a whole: The list includes many new names. To comprehend is to have within the limits, scope, or range of references, as either a part or the whole number of items concerned: The plan comprehends several projects. To comprise is to consist of, as the various parts serving to make up the whole: This genus comprises 50 species. Embrace emphasizes the extent or assortment of that which is included: The report embraces a great variety of subjects.
Antonyms
1. exclude, preclude.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for include
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Why he neglected to include the way of a maid with a man is not at once apparent.

    The Spenders Harry Leon Wilson
  • It is to me more what you call a 'beast-garden,' to include all species of fauna.

    The Spenders Harry Leon Wilson
  • I propose to continue this biography, and include the whole in book form.

    Biography of a Slave Charles Thompson
  • The director turned, with a smile, to include that lady in the conversation.

    Meadow Grass Alice Brown
  • I suppose I can make arrangements that will include a church.

British Dictionary definitions for include

include

/ɪnˈkluːd/
verb (transitive)
1.
to have as contents or part of the contents; be made up of or contain
2.
to add as part of something else; put in as part of a set, group, or category
3.
to contain as a secondary or minor ingredient or element
Derived Forms
includable, includible, adjective
Word Origin
C15 (in the sense: to enclose): from Latin inclūdere to enclose, from in-² + claudere to close
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for include
v.

c.1400, from Latin includere "to shut in, enclose, imprison, insert," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + claudere "to shut" (see close (v.)). The alleged Sam Goldwyn-ism, "Include me out," is attested from 1937. Related: Included; including.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word Value for include

10
14
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